GCSE textiles printing methods

Printing methods

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  • Created by: katy
  • Created on: 21-06-10 19:42

Printing fabric


  • The screen (made from fine mesh pulled over a wooden frame) is put over the fabric
  • Dye is then moved across the screen using a squeegee forcing the dye through the screen to the fabric beneath
  • different screens are needed for different colours
  • for one-off prints areas of the screen can be blocked off using paper stencil
  • areas that need to be blocked off are exposed to ultraviolet light wich makes the chemical in the dye insoluable
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  • The design is marked onto the surface of a block made of resistant material (usually wood!)
  • Then block is cut down to just the design to leave the design in relief
  • Dye is then applied to the surface of the block
  • It is then pressed onto the fabric

Quality control check

  • Different blocks for different colours
  • Great care needs to be taken to align the blocks correctly
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  • This is an industrial version of block printing


  • The design is engraved on rollers with a copper surface in relief
  • The maximum width of the design is the width of the roller
  • Plain fabric passes between a big flat roller and the engraved roller
  • the engraved roller rolls in printing paste or dye bath
  • the design is then printed onto the plain fabric

Quality control

  • A seperate roller is needed for each colour
  • The expense of making the roller means this is only used for large amounts of fabrics
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  • Reversed design is printed onto a special paper
  • The design is transfered onto fabric using heat rollers
  • the heated rollers turn the ink in the paper into gas
  • Due to the high pressure and temperature the gas attaches to the fabric

Quality control:

  • most effective on synthetic fabrics
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