The spartan diet
- considered by other greeks to be frugal, plain and unappetising
- lycurgus specified a light diet and plutarch says a large diet would of made them fat and listless
- the spartan diet produced healthy spartans
- black broth, barley was made into a porridge and bread, range of fruits, olives and olive oils, cheese,goats milk, honey. Meat was rare, but they ate pork and poultry and fish
- hunting provided meat
Clothing was symbolic to the social class
it was a "non verbal propaganda message"
value on uniformity and equality
- modest style of dress - lycurgus - "equality"
- men wore a cheap and corse cloak (tribbon) - symbolise simplicity and austerity
- red military coat - "Phoinikis", the red concealed blood
- this was to level everyone, not only for economic and social equality but also a unification of common consciousness
- boys in the agoge wore the "chiton" and at 12 they were allowed to wear a cloak called the "himation"
-hair was also controlled. cut short in agoge, beards were a sign of maturity but moustaches weren't allowed. They had hair grooming rituals before battle
ritual himilation - non verbal
old bachelors onced a year were forced to parade in a circle, naked in the agora, singing a song about how they broke the laws
tresantes: were not allowed to wear the red cloak, but wore a "counter cloak" that underlined social exclusion. it had distinctive colour patches that marked them as outcasts
they had to shave off their beards
- meant to humiliate, degrade and dehumanise by suggesting that they were animals
- they had to wear a dogskin cap and dress in the skins of animals
- Ephraim David: "beastial uniform"
they wore a "pelpos", like a tunic fastened with brooches. Was open up at the thigh
- got the name "thigh flashers"
- examples of bronze pins and brooches to pin the pelpos (archelogical)
- carved combs and bronze mirrors