Patriarchy starts in GENDER ROLE SOCIALISATION- traditional distribution of power generally favours males!
ANN OAKLEY- people are trained to conform to social expectations about gender from early age.
HEGEMONIC MASCULINITY-encourages boys to see themselves as superior to females. (ANN OAKLEY)
HEGEMONIC FEMININITY- encourages girls to be nurturers; emotional caretakers etc.(ANN OAKLEY)
MANIPULATION-parents encourage/discourage behaviou due to child's sex. CANALISATION-parents channel childrens interests into those 'appropriate' for child's sex.
LEARNING & INTERNALIZATION of gender codes results in SOCIAL CONFORMITY TO HEGEMONIC EXPECTATIONS.
CODES: Colour,Dress,Appearance,Toy,Play,Etiquette, Family Media, Speech,Domestic,Control
Men have constucted legal and political bariers that stop women achieving equality.
CHANGES- they believe barriers are being overcome: 1970 EQUAL PAY ACT, 1975 SEX DISCRIMINATION ACT,MATERNAL RIGHTS + PENSIONS FOR WOMEN,, DIVORCE LAWS,RAPE IN MARRIAGE+DOMESTIC VIOLENCE= CRIMES
CRITICISMS: Reflects experiences of white,mid class professional women.
Women still bear majority of chidcare + housework even with full time job.
There is still some domestic violence + **** in mariage today.