Factors affecting the quality of life of indivdiuals



Different age groups need difefrent types of exercise to improve their quality of life:

  • Chidlren need exercise to assist development
  • older people need exercise to maintain mobility


  • Children given oportunities in a nursery for outdoor play or climbing frames
  • People in residential care are taken out for walks
  • Daily living activities (walking, doing housework)
  • organised activities (playing sport, attending aerobics, yoga classes)
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  • Amount and types of food eaten affects quality of life, particularly if conditions such as Diabetes or high cholesterol are present.
  • A balanced diet consists of varied and appetizing food which can contribute to a good quality of life by improving health and well-being in addition to forming a major part of a person's social and culttural well-being. 


  • special diets (Diabetes, Lactose Intolerance)
  • inidvidulals choosing their own food due to cultural, ethical or religious needs.
  • pleasant surroundings (table clothes, matching crockery, cutlery)
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Physical Comfort

  • means the provision of a suitable environment which meets an individual's needs (too hot/cold/noisy, comfortable bed/chair, carrect amount of stimulation)


  • providing the care required to maintaincomfort such as allowing peace to sleep
  • having the correct height furniture
  • changing a baby's nappy regularly to prevent nappy rash so that the baby is comfortable
  • moving a bedridden indivdiual regularly to prevent soreness
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Indivdiuals can be at risk from many things:

  • own carelessness
  • problems caused by age/disability
  • incorrect use of equipment
  • ill treatment from others


  • use of sepcialist equipment to reduce risks of injury (bed/bath hoist)
  • staff training (correct lifting technqiues)
  • safety locks/buzzers on external doors
  • staff reporting methods
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  • refers to cleanliness and use of precautions to guard against infections and prevent unnecessary diseases.
  • refers to cleanliness in care settings and personl/food hygeiene standards
  • indivdiuals whi are clean and wear clean clothes feel ebtetr about themselves and have a wider range of friends


  • in a nursery, toys are washed/sterilised regularly
  • in a hospital, alcohol gel used by staff and visitors
  • ina ll care settings, laws relating to food preparation and food safety guideline smust be followed as well as all staff need basic food training
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Pain Relief

  • refers to a provision of a number of ways to ensure individuals are free from pain
  • if pain is not controlled, it can ahve a negative effect on a person's quality of life.


  • massages provide pain relief
  • TENS machines
  • using prescribed pain relief medication at prescribe dtimes and doses
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Physical Quality of lIfe Fcators

  • Exercise
  • Diet
  • Physical Comfort
  • Safety
  • Hygiene
  • Pain Relief
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Intellectual Quality of Life Factors

  • Stimulation
  • Engaging in Activities
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  • refers to the presence of a stimulus to keep the mind active and alert, thus preventing boredom and often depression.
  • help people feel motivated, challenegd and find life interesting.


In a nursery:

  • varying activities each day such as engaging childrne in storytime.

In a hospital/residential care:

  • encouraging visits to the day room,
  • encouraging visits to the day room,
  • putting indivdiuals of similar age groups in the same ward to encourage converstaion,
  • provsion of reading books/puzzle books. 
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Engaging in Activities

  • means having something to do, being occupied
  • can be voluntary work, paid work, hobby (knitting, sports)
  • certain activities provide a sense of well-bieing and feeling worthwhile
  • some activities provide opportunities for social imteraction or developing physical fitness


  • in a nursery, participating in Nativity Play improves confidence and helps teach team work
  • in a residential home, playing bingo cards provides social interaction and a sense of achievement if winning. Also, helping at meal time or making tea gives a sense of purpose.
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Emotional Quality of Life Factors

  • Privacy
  • Dignity
  • Approval
  • Psychological Security
  • Autonomy
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  • means allowing opportunities to be unobserved or undisturbed as they wish
  • require privacy at time when embarassed (**********, receiving treatment of personal nature, bathing), wishing to speak confidentially to someone or if they want time to themselves away from others
  • lack of privacy makes person feel devalued


  • In a hospital, curtains drawn aroudn a bed if indivdiual is receiving treatment or care.
  • in residential care, indivdiuals allwoed to go to their rooms if they wish, doors are clsoed and carers knock before entering
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