Different age groups need difefrent types of exercise to improve their quality of life:
- Chidlren need exercise to assist development
- older people need exercise to maintain mobility
- Children given oportunities in a nursery for outdoor play or climbing frames
- People in residential care are taken out for walks
- Daily living activities (walking, doing housework)
- organised activities (playing sport, attending aerobics, yoga classes)
- Amount and types of food eaten affects quality of life, particularly if conditions such as Diabetes or high cholesterol are present.
- A balanced diet consists of varied and appetizing food which can contribute to a good quality of life by improving health and well-being in addition to forming a major part of a person's social and culttural well-being.
- special diets (Diabetes, Lactose Intolerance)
- inidvidulals choosing their own food due to cultural, ethical or religious needs.
- pleasant surroundings (table clothes, matching crockery, cutlery)
- means the provision of a suitable environment which meets an individual's needs (too hot/cold/noisy, comfortable bed/chair, carrect amount of stimulation)
- providing the care required to maintaincomfort such as allowing peace to sleep
- having the correct height furniture
- changing a baby's nappy regularly to prevent nappy rash so that the baby is comfortable
- moving a bedridden indivdiual regularly to prevent soreness
Indivdiuals can be at risk from many things:
- own carelessness
- problems caused by age/disability
- incorrect use of equipment
- ill treatment from others
- use of sepcialist equipment to reduce risks of injury (bed/bath hoist)
- staff training (correct lifting technqiues)
- safety locks/buzzers on external doors
- staff reporting methods
- refers to cleanliness and use of precautions to guard against infections and prevent unnecessary diseases.
- refers to cleanliness in care settings and personl/food hygeiene standards
- indivdiuals whi are clean and wear clean clothes feel ebtetr about themselves and have a wider range of friends
- in a nursery, toys are washed/sterilised regularly
- in a hospital, alcohol gel used by staff and visitors
- ina ll care settings, laws relating to food preparation and food safety guideline smust be followed as well as all staff need basic food training
- refers to a provision of a number of ways to ensure individuals are free from pain
- if pain is not controlled, it can ahve a negative effect on a person's quality of life.
- massages provide pain relief
- TENS machines
- using prescribed pain relief medication at prescribe dtimes and doses
Physical Quality of lIfe Fcators
- Physical Comfort
- Pain Relief
Intellectual Quality of Life Factors
- Engaging in Activities
- refers to the presence of a stimulus to keep the mind active and alert, thus preventing boredom and often depression.
- help people feel motivated, challenegd and find life interesting.
In a nursery:
- varying activities each day such as engaging childrne in storytime.
In a hospital/residential care:
- encouraging visits to the day room,
- encouraging visits to the day room,
- putting indivdiuals of similar age groups in the same ward to encourage converstaion,
- provsion of reading books/puzzle books.
Engaging in Activities
- means having something to do, being occupied
- can be voluntary work, paid work, hobby (knitting, sports)
- certain activities provide a sense of well-bieing and feeling worthwhile
- some activities provide opportunities for social imteraction or developing physical fitness
- in a nursery, participating in Nativity Play improves confidence and helps teach team work
- in a residential home, playing bingo cards provides social interaction and a sense of achievement if winning. Also, helping at meal time or making tea gives a sense of purpose.
Emotional Quality of Life Factors
- Psychological Security
- means allowing opportunities to be unobserved or undisturbed as they wish
- require privacy at time when embarassed (**********, receiving treatment of personal nature, bathing), wishing to speak confidentially to someone or if they want time to themselves away from others
- lack of privacy makes person feel devalued
- In a hospital, curtains drawn aroudn a bed if indivdiual is receiving treatment or care.
- in residential care, indivdiuals allwoed to go to their rooms if they wish, doors are clsoed and carers knock before entering