- Created by: Rosiem2102
- Created on: 06-06-18 16:46
- Loftus and Palmer (car speed): estimates affected by leading question (smashed versus contacted).
Why do leading questions affect EWT?
- Response bias - no change to memory.
- Substitution explanation supported by Loftus and Palmer and report of presence of glass.
Post-event discussion (PED)
- Discussions with others contaminates eyewitnesses' memories.
- Gabbert et al. demonstrated effect, calling it memory conformity - information and normative social influence involved.
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Useful real-life applications
- Could help prevent miscarriages of justice and change police interviewing.
Tasks are artificial
- Watching film clips ignores the stress and anxiety associated with a real accident or crime.
- Older people may be less accurate because of own-age bias.
- Demand characteristics
- Consequences of EWT
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