Events leading up to the war - 6 points
-Leaders of German Army had great influence over the Government.
-By 1914 many army leaders wanted a quick war. (believed if Russia wasn't defeated quickly Geramany would be 'steam-rolled'.
-Also French army being reogranised and would be weakest in 1914.
-Austria-Hungary's leaders thought it was the time to crush the South Slav nationalists who were upsetting the empire.
-They beleived that the best thing to do was to defeat the main South Slav state, Serbia.
-Thus in 1914 the leaders of both Austria-Hungary and Germany were looking for a war, all they needed was an excuse.
The Sarajavo Crisis - 7 points
-June 28th, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary was visiting the Bosnian town of Sarajavo.
-He was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the terrorist nationalist group, 'The Black Hand'.
-A month later (after much diplomatic activity) the Austrians ,who blamed Serbia, declared war on that country.
-Five days before they sent a ultimatum (a series of demands) to Serbia, which were impossible to obey in full.
-On 30th July, Russia mobilised her troops (as Russia had promised to defend Serbia), This was considered a virtual declaration of war.
-Germans needed to act quickly, asked french to remain nuetral but it was impossible.
-On August 3rd, The Schlieffen Plan swung into action and Germany attacked France.
And Then... - 6 points
-Gerrmany's attck on France caused a row in Britian.
-Some member of the cabinet insisted Britian's agreement with France was only a friendship and thus they shouldn't go to war.
-Others beleived Germany was out to conquer Europe making it in Britians interests to join France and stop Germany.
-When the German armies swept into Belgium, by the treaty of London 1839, Britian was obliged to defend France.
-4th August 1914, Britian declared war on Germany.
-The First World War had begun.