English Language Glossary - C

Features of English Language 

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Cataphoric Reference 

A word or expression in a text that relates forward to another part of the text.

Clause 

A group of words forming a unit within a sentence usually containing a subject and a verb 

Clipping 

A word formed by shortening an existing word, e.g phone from telephone 

Cohesion 

The devices used to connect different parts of a text together

Coinage

The creation of a completely new word 

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Collocation 

Groups (usually pairs) of words that are commonly found alongside each other 

Comparative 

An adjective that makes a comparison, usually ending in -er (e.g. colder)

Complement 

A part of a sentence that describes a subject or an object 

Complex Sentence 

A sentence containing a main clause and one or more clauses of lesser importance 

Compound

A word formed from a combination of words e.g. blackbird 

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Compound Sentence 

Two or more simple sentences joined together by a coordinating conjunction - and, but, so

Connotations

The associations that a word has 

Contraction 

Where words are combined to form a single, shortened word (e.g. we've, don't) 

Covergence 

When the speech styles of two or more peole move closer to each other 



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