What is the examiner looking for?
- That you communicate clearly and effectively and imaginatively in your writing.
- answer the task appropriately and be original.
REMEMBER TIP TOP paragraphs:
*time, place, topic and person. (A new paragraph for each - you cannot gain a high mark unless you use paragraphs)
Use varied punctuation - . , ; : ... ? ! " etc (use more than just . & , in each paragraph but don't go over the top)
USE FOR EACH:
writing to persuade - AFOREST (Alliteration/anecdote, facts, opinions/our(we,us), repetition for effect/rhetorical questions, experts view/emotive language, statistics and three *list of*)
writing to argue - A FORECAST (alliteration, facts, opinions, repetition for effect/rhetorical questions, experts view/emotive language, COUNTER ARGUE, anecdote, statistics and three *list of*.
Inform, explain, describe
TO INFORM - (use warship fort) = telling the reader about something or someone. Putting information across clearly. - WARSHIP FORT (who what when why where, alliteration, repetition, statistics, how, information used correctly, present tense/percentages, facts, order must be logical, reality *got to be believable, three/topic sentences/ techniqual language/ trustworthy).
TO EXPLAIN - (use worship feast) = giving the answers to the questions how and why about something. This helps the reader to understand an idea, a point of view or a situation. - WORSHIP FEAST (What why when where, order must be logical, reasons, stats, how, information accurate, present ideas, facts, evidence, anecdotes/analysis, significant key points, true/trustworthy/third person/ topic sentences.
TO DESCRIBE - (use sports camp) = painting a picture with words. This means making someone or something very interesting - in an imaginative way. - writing to describe - SPORTS CAMP (similes, personification, onomatopeia, repetition for effect, three *list of*, sense, colours, alliteration/adjectives/adverbs, metaphors, paint a picture with words.
WRITING TO INFORM -
travel writing features =
- sophisticated vocabulary
- rhetorical questions
- variety of sentences
- cliche terms
- colloquialism (regional slang)
- written in present tense
- varied punctuation
- mixture of facts and opinions
- address reader directly (you, your, you're)
- figurative language eg metaphor, smilier etc
- 5W'S and how.
- PLAN BEFORE WRITTING.
For an information leaflet - start interesting & then go factual, make the reader want to read it.
Layout of a letter?
REMEMBER WHEN WRITING A LETTER OR OTHER WRITING TO INFORM FEATURES THINK P.A.L.L (purpose, audience, layout, language).
- Yours sincerely - if you know the person
- yours faithfully - if you do not know them *i remember this by thinking if someone does not know you, saying this reminds them to have faith in you*.
- address the reader directly
- use facts, paragraphs, 5w's and how, topic sentences!
Make everything you say relevent, do not waffle. *this applies to any of the writing task, make everything you say important and interesting*.
conventions of writing a newspaper article -
style features - HEADLINE.
the headline is very important, it draws the readers in, make it interesting, humorous *if appropriate and original. Use a slogan, cliche, pun, rhyme, repetition etc to make it as interesting as possible.
What to use? -
- Topic sentences
- rhetorical questions
- varied sentences *one sentence paragraphs etc*
- figurative language
In the 1st paragraph - use the 5W's and How, use humour if it suits P.A.L.L.
An article must have an engaging opening! USE A FOREST.
other things to use when writing an article -Open with a question or something unexpected then get onto facts and quotes.in the last paragraph end with a catchy phrase, quote or something memorable. DO NOT USE COLUMNS write in paragraphs.
writing to explain -
This response must answer the precise demands of the question.
context should focus on how and why something happens rather than just what happens/
use appropriate language - P.A.L.L and WORSHIP FEAST.
don't describe to much - but explain each point well!
writing to argue =
USE A FORECAST TO HELP AND IDENTIFY P.A.L.L!
- PLAN a number of views/opinions for and against the topic
- have well structured points that are in logical order
- have a convincing logical approach to the task
- have language appropriate to the audience (PALL)
- COUNTER ARGUE.
- Include evidence & experts views to make it more believable.
- Have a STRONG introduction and a DEFINATE conclusion. Don't allow the reader to conclude your points you must make it obvious what your points are.
- DONT PERSUADE, ARGUE.
Writing to describe -
Some find this easy, but for me, its the hardest one.
What to do:
Use the 5 senses!
BE ORIGINAL AND CREATIVE. Think the examiner has to mark tons of these, make yours interesting and make it stand out so they are captivated by it!
Use imagery, figurative language and the features of SPORTS CAMP.
Show the examiner don't tell. You are not telling a story. Imagine you are a camera lens and describe everything you see.
Use a semantic field *leads to a high grade!* - give the text a topic/subject. ie - heart, flower, music etc = the semantic field is LOVE.
Cover the 5's sense in the first paragraph. do not ramble/tell a story.talk about things the examiner wont bother to care about!
Connectives to use in writing to inform *and expla
for a high grade *I'm aiming for an A* connectives MUST be used!
- Later on I (inform)
- Another reason
- As a result of
- Above all else
- The most important
- Contrary to popular belief
also- Also == identify P.A.L.L before you begin writing for everything.
*THIS CAN BE APPLIED TO THE READING PAPER ALSO-
link things to colours/use colours - ie red represents passion, love, romance and purple is royal etc.
DENOTE = What is exactly happening
CONNOTE = Words linking to the picture
juxtaposition = two words or phrases that are opposite/different in the same sentence - ie rain forest of the deep.
oxymoron = words placed next to each other - ie - deep shallow pool.
this will make your writing much more interesting also.
That's all i have on my revision cards! hope they help:) Good luck everyone! .