AQA Literature Poems Revision (for most poems)

Revision notes on what i have been taught, may differ to what you have been taught. Notes are on : Sonnet 130, Hticher, Havisham, Anne Hathaway, Kid, Mother Any Distance... (A nameless poem), The Song of the Old Mother and On My First Sonne.

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English Literature Poems
Sonnet 130
Uncomplimentary ­ loves her for being a human with faults, she is not perfect but he loves her
because of that. Shakespeare is not lying about how she is and feels genuine love for her.
Mocks clichéd language ­ e.g. "My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun" - Shows genuine love and
is saying that poets should describe their lovers as who they are, not as some perfect goddess ­
mocking other poets.
Repetition of the pronoun "My" ­ shows only he feels the way he does about his mistress. He is
different to other poets who falsely praise their lovers. Only he can appreciate her unique qualities.
Also shows he is not the same as other poets ­ will tell the truth but does not love her less.
End-stopped lines in the first 4 lines of poem ­ shock the reader ­ forceful, abrupt. Shakespeare is
making a blunt statement he wants the reader to take notice of. Also shows he is the way he is, and
he will not lie like other poets.
Sonnet form (3 sets of 4 quatrains (or 4 lines) and a rhyming couplet to finish.)
Definite pause after each quatrain ­ gives reader time to think and see that the love he feels is
Rhyming couplet at end after 3 quatrains ­ last 2 lines say how rare his love is ­ like the rhyme ­ only
rhyme in poem. Rhyme is rare in poem like his love is rare in life.
Iambic Pentameter ­ Five lots of 2 syllables in a weak/strong pattern i.e.
-/-/-/-/-/ Weak ­ Strong - Weak ­ Strong - Weak ­ Strong - Weak ­ Strong - Weak ­
Strong syllables fall on certain words ­ e.g. "no" "love" This emphasises ideas ­ genuine love, no
Shakespeare is saying love is rare ­ you should value uniqueness not for beauty and intelligence.
Also saying women should be treated as equals and not as goddesses who should be worshipped ­
you should say what they are really like.
Mocking poets clichés ­ they should be honest about who they love and not portray them as a
perfect goddess.

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English Literature Poems
In modern life violent crime is becoming more common ­ everyday stresses causes violence
Certain relationships can never get on. The wound up, violent speaker and the "hippie" character, for
example, cannot. Complete opposites have clash of personalities and may never get on. Jealousy
central to problematic relationship ­ jealous of hippie lifestyle ­ laid back etc.
Psychopathic behaviour is more terrifying because it can affect anyone due to stressful modern
lifestyle.…read more

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English Literature Poems
Thin line between love/hate, Almost two sides of the same coin, but there is an extreme contrast
and you can go from one to the other very quickly.
Possible to hate someone but to love them at some time
Very few people have an easy/straight relationship. Just because her relationship did not work she
believes no-one's can.
Sometimes it is our own fault if we are lonely.
She is showing how awful loneliness is.…read more

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English Literature Poems
Anne Hathaway
Sexual intimacy important ­ brings her and her love (Shakespeare) together.
Exploiting the meta-language (language that describes) ­ using what her husband did (writer) to
show intimacy. Language shows their intimacy
Memories of her husband still live in her head even though he is dead.
Given 2nd bed ­ where they were intimate (1st bed for guests). Brings back memories of when they
were together.
Imagery shows the exciting sexual relationship they had.…read more

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English Literature Poems
Growing up makes us see people in a different way. We see weaknesses and shortcoming etc. Loss
of innocence, the world is seen through more critical eyes.
Clash ­ Adult vs. Emerging Adult
Heroes eventually lose their hero status ­ we enjoy downfall ­ darker instincts (jealousy etc.)
Mocks use of the expressions in the cartoon strip ­ shows he is grown up and mature ­ the language
they used was immature and ridiculous.…read more

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English Literature Poems
Simon Armitage (Nameless Poem) Mother, any distance...
Metaphor of tape measure ­ shows relationship between mother and son ­ mother at zero-end
shows us her sadness, will be left with nothing when her son departs. Also shows son recognises her
importance ­ she gave him life.
Also shows distance between them grows as he gets older.…read more

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English Literature Poems
The Song of the Old Mother
Old age ­ Old people should be pitied because they are taken for granted by younger people. Not
appreciated by younger generation.
Alternatively showing us the unattractive side of old people ­ always complaining about younger
people and feeling hard done by. Older generation allowing younger generation to not help ­ their
own fault.
Women have got to do work ­ abandoned to do work with no help.…read more

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English Literature Poems
On my First Sonne
Shows bond between parent/child
Starts talking of his loss & misery/suffering.
"Thou child of my right hand" The loss is profound; lost part of himself.
Close relationships can cuase joy but can cause pain. He became too close to his son and had to pay
back.…read more

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English Literature Poems
brought happiness to people.
Fully rhyming couplets ­ suggests that things are now completed ­ he realizes his son's life is over
and a new phase of his life will have to start, without his son. Also completed in the sense that he
now fully accepts that he was wrong to take too much pride in his some ­ like alesson, won't do same
again.…read more


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