Electrolysis - The process that uses electricity to brack down ionic compounds into elements.
Electrolyte- A liquid, containing free-moving ions, that is broken down by electricity in the process of electrolysis.
Inert- A substance that does not react with the products.
Anode- Positive electrode.
Cathode- Negative electrode.
The electrical circuit has two electrodes that makes contact with the electrolyte.
The ions in the electrolyte move to the electrodes where the are discharged to produce elements.
The Metal is formed at the negative electrode. The Non-Metals formed at the positive electrode. An easy way to remember this in terms of electrons is:
Loss of electrons
Gain of electrons