- Created by: Rosiem2102
- Created on: 18-12-18 10:53
Deviation from social norms
- Norms are specific to the culture we live in
- May be different for each generation and every culture
- Relatively few behaviours that would be considered universally abnormal on the basis that they breach social norms
- E.g. homosexuality still seen as abnormal in some cultures and was seen as abnormal in our society in the past.
- Example: antisocial personality disorder
- Impulsive, aggressive and irresponsible
- 'Absence of prosocial internal standards associated with failure to conform to lawful or culturally normative ethical behaviour'
- Making the social judgement that a psychopath is abnormal because they don't conform to our moral standards.
- Would be considered abnormal in a very wide range of cultures.
1 of 4
Not a sole explanation
- Real-life application in the diagnosis of APD
- Therefore a place in thinking about what is normal and abnormal
- Other factors to consider
- Distress to other people
- Never the sole reason for defining abnormality
2 of 4
- Social norms vary greatly between generations and communities.
- Hearing voices is socially acceptable in some cultures but would be seen as a sign of mental abnormality in the UK.
- Creates problems for people from one culture living in another cultural group.
3 of 4
Can lead to human rights abuses
- Historical examples
- Drapetomania - black slaves running away
- *********** - Sexual attraction to working class men
- Clear that these diagnoses were really there to maintain control over minority ethnic groups and women.
- Classifications appear ridiculous only because our social norms have changed.
- Radical psychologists suggest that some of our modern categories of mental disorder are really abuses of people's rights to be different.
4 of 4