cultural variations in attachment

information about how different cultures effect different ypes of attachment in 3 different countries.

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Germany

  • In germany the try to make the child more independent by ignoring them when the want something and withdrawing loving actions.
  • they believe that the ideal child is an independent non-clinging child who doesn't make demands on the parent but always obeys their commands.
  • this makes more children type a (insecure avoidant) than the children in the american strange situation study.
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Israel

  • some israeli children live on communal farms called kibbutz and are looked after by adults who arn't part of their family. their mothers do still feed them.
  • children are looked after their mother for the first year and then my watchwomen called metapelets who look after children when the parents are working. this means children often try to seek attention from the watchwomen making more israeli children type c (insecure resistant) than the children in the american study.
  • the communal farm is like a form of childcare.
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Japan

  • they never leave their children alone with a stranger, they do everything with the baby including sleeping.
  • some mothers strap their child to their chest, this is called amae.
  • there are more type c children in japan as the children are used to being their mother, they would get distressed if their mother left them.
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