Childhood Ilnesses

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Signs of Illness

Signs of illness include

  • Raised or lowered temperature
  • Perspiration
  • Vomitting or nausea
  • Diarrhoea or constipation
  • Swollen glands
  • Joint pain
  • Cough, headache, stomach ache, runny nose or earache
  • Pale/flushed skin or rash
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Changed behaviour
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Mumps

How to recognise?

  • Slight fever
  • Earache
  • Swollen gland in front of ears

What to do?

  • Parcetamol
  • Drinks - no fruit juice

Infectious Period

  • Few days before symptoms show, untill swelling goes down
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Chicken Pox

How to recognise?

  • Rash
  • Small red patches, developing in to blisters which turn crusty and fall off

What to do?

  • Parcetamol
  • Baths
  • Losing clothing
  • Calamine lotion

Infectious Period

  • Days before rash until spots are dry
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Measles

How to recognise?

  • Cough/cold
  • Sore watery eyes
  • Red blotchy rash

What to do?

  • Parcetamol
  • Drinks 

Infectious Period

  • Few days before symptoms show, untill 4 days after rash
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Rubella

How to recognise?

  • Mild cold
  • Pink rash
  • Pink spots that merge together

What to do?

  • Drinks 

Infectious Period

  • One week before 4 days after rash
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Whoping Cough

How to recognise?

  • Cough/cold that develops in to exhausting coughing bouts

What to do?

  • Seek medical help for antibiotics

Infectious Period

  • 5 days after antibiotic period, up to 6 weeks without antibiotics
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Tuberculosis

How to recognise?

  • Cough
  • Fever

What to do?

  • Seek medical antention for antibiotics

Infectious Period

  • Up to 6 weeks after inhaling bacteria
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Meningitis

How to recognise?

  • Headache
  • fever
  • Stiff neck
  • Aching joints
  • Dislike of luight
  • Severe sleepness
  • Fine.red/purple rash that doesn't fade under pressure

What to do?

  • Seek urgent medical help

Infectious Period

  • 1 to 2 weeks before symptoms untill several weeks after
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Caring For a Sick Child

When children are unwell...

  • Comfort and cuddle them
  • Give them time and attention
  • Give them the appropriate medicine, following storage and dosage instructions
  • Encourage visitors
  • Give lots to dinks
  • Check temperature
  • Provide varies activities and entertainment
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Taking and Reducing Temperature

A normal temperature in 37 degrees celcius. It can be checked quickly nd accuratelky using an ear or digital thermometer. These are sage to use and give clear, easy to read, figures. A forehead thermometers has liquid cyrstals that change colour less accurate

Reducing high temperature decreases risk of fits.

Reduce it by...

  • Sponging or bathing them in luke warm water
  • Remove clothing
  • Use a fan to maintain tempeature at 15 degrees.
  • Remove blankets/duvet from bed
  • Give the correct dose of paracetamol.
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When to Seek Help

Get help from GP or NHS direct if your child has a tempeature over 39 degrees, a severe cough, persisten earache/headache or hasn't oasses urine in the past 12 hours.

Get help from hospital if your child has

  • A sunken fontanella
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Bloody stools
  • Constant diarrhoea
  • Become unconscious or abnormally floppy
  • Refused liquid for 12 hours
  • Swallowed a dangerous object
  • A purple/rad rash that doesn't fade with pressure
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