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  • Created by: nic
  • Created on: 20-03-13 15:43

Atomic Structure

Atomic number = No. of protons

Mass number = No. protons + neutrons

Neutrons: relative charge = 0, relative mass = 1

Protons: relative charge = +1, relative mass = 1

Electrons: relative charge = -1, relative mass: 1/1836 (negligable)

Isotopes = atoms that have the same atominc number but different mass numbers.

no. electrons = no. protons

Atoms are arranged in periodic table in order of increasing atomic number.

No. electrons in outer shell is the same as the group number (for groups 1-7)

Elements in group 0 (noble gases) have 8 electrons in their outer shell, except for helium.

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