What is the general formula of a monosaccharide?
What is the formula for a triose carbohydrate?
What is the name given to a carbohydrate with the
Name a triose carbohydrate?
Name two pentose carbohydrates?
Name a hexose carbohydrate.
What is a disaccharide?
Two monosaccharide's joined together by a glycosidic bond formed during a condensation reaction.
How do you undo a condensation reaction?
What is Lactose made up of?
Alpha glucose and galactose
What does glucose + glucose form?
What is sucrose made up of?
Describe alpha glucose.
Alpha glucose has a hydrogen group above the plane of the ring on carbon atom 1.
Describe beta glucose.
Beta glucose has a hydroxil group above the plane of the ring on carbon atom 1.
What is an isomer?
Molecules which has the same chemical formula but different structures.
What is the formula of a disaccharide?
Fructose is a pentose shape. Why is it a hexose?
It has 6 carbon atoms.
What are the two types of polysaccharide?
Give four properties of storage polysaccharides.
- easy to add or remove molecules
- dont exert an osmotic effect
What is glycogen used as?
Storage in animals
What is glycogen made of?
Which two types of chains is starch made of?
Where is starch made?
Name two structural polysaccharides?
What is cellulose made of?
How do beta glucose form glycosidic bonds?
Every other beta glucose rotates 180 degrees
Describe the structure of cellulose
Adjacent chains can join together by hydrogen bonding to form microfibrils