Britain 1750-1900

  • 11 mill total.
  • 80% in country side
  • many babies bie before first bithday.
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Population

  • 11 million population.
  • 80% living in country side.
  • many babies died before first birthday.
  • Life expectancy; 31-33 
  • 40 million. big rise in England.
  • 75% in towns
  • 18 deaths in 1000
  • Life expectancy; 45-48
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Transport

  • Everything travelled by water, first canal built in 1776.
  • Roads- very bad (being improved)
  • 20,000 miles of road lain in 1825
  • L to E; 1 week by boat, 10-12 days by road.
  • Railways operate everywhere- canals out of buissness 
  • Cars and bikes used
  • L-E; 30 hours by boat, 46 by road; 9 by train.
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Culture

  • Many children weren't schooled
  • Newspapers, novels and players were popular
  • Every parish had a school in Scotland 
  • 1825; Most children from upper class backgrounds went to school
  • Elementary schools schooled the poor.
  • School was compulsary for all 5-12 years old
  • Many new unis were opened
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Health

  • Doctors didn't know about germs that caused diseases spreading (smallpox)
  • Only simple operations were carried out
  • 1850: Population was growing, many diseases were spreading (smallpox cure)
  • Louis Pasteur discovered germs
  • Vaccinations being made
  • Anaesthetics were made
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Politics

  • Parliment made the law for UK.
  • Only 5% could vote
  • George 2nd had less power then Kings in the 17 century
  • Still only 5% can vote
  • Demands for Parlement to be reformed 
  • Most men can now vote, the government improved working and living conditions.
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