- Created by: exoharmonie
- Created on: 28-01-20 19:43
James-Lange theory of emotion
3 parts of an emotion: physiological (bodily arousal), cognitive (conscious experience), behavioural (how you respond)
Hypothalamus activates sympathetic division ANS - produces adrenaline - causes physiological arousal e.g heart pounds, muscle tenses - brain interprets this to cause an emotion
No change = no emotion
Stimulus/event - arousal - emotion
Example: meeting a bear in forest activates sympathetic division (fight/flight) - heart pounds - physiological changes interpreted by brain as fear - person runs away
EVAL: arousal doesn't always guarantee an emotion, arousal may come after an emotion, we have identical responses to different emotions (e.g. fear and embarrassment)
Hebb's theory of learning
The brain is plastic - has the ability to change and develop - synaptic connections in brain get stronger the more they're used. The brain changes structure & connections in response to learning. Learning leaves a trace (engram) which can be made permanent with rehearsal. Cell assemblies - groups of neurons that fire together - more they fire = more the synaptic connections strengthen & grow. Neuronal growth - happens when cell assemblies rewire to manage new learning.
Strength: Scientific theory - explains learning in terms of brain function which provides basis for understanding behaviour - learning can be studied through brain processes.
Strength: can be applied to education - found that rats raised in stimulating settings were more able to navigate mazes as adults - can be applied to education by creating stimulating environments to encourage learning