- The general view, amongst the Allies, was that the Germans 'deserved what they got'.
- For America and Britain, the Morgenthau Plan was a guiding policy that the Germans should be shown no sympathy:
- There should be no socialising or fraternising with the 'enemy'.
- Whereas the Russians had no equivalent ruling on fraternisation:
- Contact with German civilians was informally permitted, and they stressed that the Germans were not to be treated as the Germans had treared them.
- The German Communists, returning from exile, needed to win hearts and minds if socialism was to triumph over capitalism:
- Under the direction of the Soviet superiors, were quick to set up a new political structure in Berlin, and to encourage cultural activity.
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Fraternisation for the French
Fraternisation amongst the French:
- The French showed the most hostility.
- They were determined to punish the Germans:
- Through retribution for 3 crushing invasions of their country.
- Reprisal for war crimes such as that committed at Oradour.
- The French believed that the German race were fundamentally militaristic, which was in no hope of being changed.
- In a poll conducted in France, in August 1945, 78% voted in favour of dividing Germany into 3 separate states.
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Change in America and Britain
Attitudes towards the Germans, from America and Britain, changed relatively changed:
- This was because of humanitarian concern, which arose over increased contact between the occupying forces and German civilians began to facilitate personal reconciliation.
- Also because of the growing realisation that economic and political reconstruction was vital to counter the new threat:
- Expanding Communist control throughout the whole of Germany.
- By 1946, it was reached by the British and the Americans, that they needed West Germans as political partners.
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