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EARLY WAR
Invaded Poland in September 1939
By the end of 1940 Germans had invaded:
France
Belgium
Holland
Denmark
Norway
Luxembourg.
Only Britain had managed to hold out by defeating the Luftwaffe during the
Battle of Britain 1940.
Also because Hitler turned his attention to his main goal:
The destruction of the Soviet Union.…read more

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OPERATION BARBAROSSA ­ INVASION OF
RUSSIA
Russia = threat to Hitler's European Empire and also the birth place of Bolshevism and
international Judaism.
Intentions for invading Russia:
Labensraum
Slav labour
Oil in the Caucasus and Grain from the Ukraine.
By Nov 1941 Leningrad and Moscow had been taken.
Delayed German advance:
Scorched earth policy of the Russians.
By Dec = snow and freezing conditions.
Hitler sent Germans into Russia unprepared
Had underestimated the resistance of the Red Army.…read more

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STALINGRAD 1942
June: Attack to capture the Caucusus oil fields launched.
Sixth Army (Germans) were captured in a pincer movt and later surrendered.
(Trying to capture Stalingrad).
Turning point.
Russians completed their success with a crushing victory at the battle of
Kursk in July 1943.
Paved the way for the Red Army's liberation of Eastern Europe and entry into
Germany.…read more

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NORTH AFRICA
Invaded Africa to support defeated Italian allies.
British forced repelled the Germans however were weakened by the need to
reinforce the Far East campaign against Japan that Rommel was able to
capture Tobruk and British prisoners.
Montgomery halted the German advance by defeating the Germans at El
Alamein in October 1942.
May 1943 remains of the Axis forces in Northern Africa surrendered.…read more

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ITALY
Allies invaded Sicily in July 1943 and crossed onto mainland Italy in
September.
Italian govt surrendered to the Allies.
Mussolini was in Berlin.
German troops captured strategic points and Cities throughout Italy.
Allied advance was slow.
Allies took Rome June 1944 but the Germans were active in Italy up until
May 1945.…read more

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