1926 Critical resolution by Party Congress on the future of Soviety Economy
1928 Collectivisation begins. Start of the First FYP
1931 "We are fifty to one hundred years behind the advanced countries"
1932 Widespread famine (Until 1933)
1933 Second FYP
1938 Third FYP
1941 Germany invades and occupies Russia
Stalin's Economic Aims
A second revolution to modernise Russia
To confirm his authority as leader of the USSR after the power struggle
Enable the USSR to catch up with Western Economies
Revolution from Above
1917 revolution had been a 'revolution from below'
1928 was a second revolution
Stalin's state would now command and direct the economy from above. It took the central planning agency Gosplan and implemented it on a larger scale and much more thoroughly. Stalin linked the second revolution to the first in terms of equal importance.
Political Expediency - pursuing of action with the primary aim of gaining a political advantage
Staling sought to modernise the USSR and consolidate his power.
"Fifty to one hundred years behind the advanced countries"
"We do it or we shall be crushed"
1928 - 20% Harvest was done with a wooden plough, 50% was cut by hand
.1929 - 1,7741,000 unemployed
1913: 29.0 million tons, 1926: 27.6 million tons
GDP 1913 - 1928
USSR remained 900
USA 3790 4690
Japan 800 1150