The New World Order - Stalin Russia

  • Global superpower
  • Spheres of Influence
  • Exporting Stalinism to Eastern Europe
  • Cold War
  • Economic superpower
  • The Fourth Five-Year Plan
  • Economic Boom
  • Military superpower
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  • Created by: Holly
  • Created on: 10-05-11 11:10
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Chapter 17 Notes ­ The New World Order
1943 November: Tehran Conference
1944 December: Beria and the NKVD put in charge of the Soviet
atomic bomb project
1945 February: Yalta Conference
July/August: Potsdam Conference
1946 January: Fourth FiveYear Plan launched
March: Winston Churchill's `Iron Curtain' speech
1947 People's Democracies established in Poland and Hungary
1948 People's Democracies established in Czechoslovakia,
Romania and Bulgaria
1949 People's Democracy established in East Germany
August: First test of the Soviet atomic bomb
1953 March: Stalin's death
Global superpower:
The alliance between Russia, America and Britain had never been
an easy one.
Even before the fall of Berlin, all sides were contemplating a
continuation of the Second World War in which America and
Britain would fight the USSR.
Eastern Europe allied with the Soviet Union under the banner of
Western Europe together with the USA followed a different course
embracing capitalism and democracy.
Spheres of Influence:
At conferences in Tehran and Yalta it was agreed that once the
Nazis were defeated, Europe would be divided in two.
Churchill and Roosevelt agreed that Russia could legitimately
expect to have neighbouring states that were sympathetic to
communism ­ within its `sphere of influence'.
The Yalta Conference, in February 1943 agreed a joint `Allied
Declaration on Liberated Europe' which committed the victorious
powers to establish democratic regimes in the territories that
they occupied.
Stalin's interpretation of a legitimate Soviet `sphere of influence'
had no room for western democracy.
Stalin ordered the Red Army to establish communist governments
in Eastern Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania
and Bulgaria.
The Communist Parties in these areas were kept loyal to Russia
through regular purges.

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Exporting Stalinism to Eastern Europe:
Stalin had established regimes called `Peoples Democracies'
throughout eastern Europe.
Politically, they followed the Stalinist model.
Regular elections allowed the people to vote for the Communist
Party alone.
In each new People's Democracy opposition was suppressed
through a mix of terror and propaganda.
By 1949 an `Eastern bloc' had emerged.
Countries in the Eastern Bloc were not considered truly
independent by western commentators.…read more

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Economic Boom:
Total industrial production by 1952 was double that of 1940.
At the end of the Plan, in 1950 heavy industry had clearly
recovered from the ravages of war.
In each case, industrial production exceeded the targets set in
the Fourth FiveYear Plan.
The focus on heavy industry and the military came at the expense
of living standards.
From 1946 to 1951 conditions for the majority of Russians were
worse than any point during the 1930's.…read more

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Essentially they showed that Russia and America were equals in
terms of their military technology.…read more


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