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MoonontheTides
PoetryNotes

Page 2

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Manhunt
Language:Mostlymetaphors
· "Onlythenwouldheletmetrace
thefrozenriverwhichranthroughhisface" Structure
­ Frozen=emo9onless/cold · Rhyme=Mostlyhalfrhymingcouplets
­ Takes9metofreeze,oldwounds. · Differentinjuriesintroducedin
­ Heletme=underHiscontrol.Need differentcouplets
permission · Unrhymed=senseof
­ `onlythen'repe99on=slow fragmenta9on,brokenman
painstakingprocess · 1stpersonnarra9ve,
· "thefoetusofmetalbeneathhischest" · Regularrhythmandlength
­ Metal=coldandunfeeling · Wife'smethodicalpa9ent
­ Foetusmetaphorsymbolism: treatmentofcaringforhusband
· Growingpain
· Heart.Notfullydeveloped.S9ll
growing
· Notconnectedtohim.Likea Themes
babyonlylivinginhim. · Trust
· "aswea

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Hour
Language Structure
· "Forthousandsofsecondswekiss" · Shakespeareansonnet
­ Juxtaposi9on.Coun9ngsecondsrather ­ 14lines
thanminutes.Emphasiseshowvaluable
eachsecondis. ­ Predictablerhymescheme
­ Assonanceof`n'and`d'soundswhich · ababcdcdefefgg
slowthepaceofthereaderand ­ Lastrhymingcoupletconcluding
symbolisehowsheistryingtoprolong poemdoesnotofferhuge`turn'
9me. inmeaning,likeusualsonnets,
· "thanhere.Now.Timehateslove, confirmingideathatlovewill
wantslovepoor,butlovespinsgold, alwaystriumph.
gold,goldfromstraw."
­ Caesuras->breakuplinesotakes · Stanzassamelengthdueto
longertoread.Timeisslowingforlove. enjambment
­ Loveturnssomethingsmallto ­ Enjambmentbreaksupslinesbut
somethingprecious(straw->gold)Can alsogivesenseofstoppingand
findrichesinanything.
star9ng.Timeseemstostop,but
­ 1wordsentence`Now'.Emphasises inevitablykeepsflowingonwards
simplicityofsitua9onandtheirfeeling…

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InPariswithYou
Language Structure
· "I'moneofyourtalkingwounded. · Stanzas(excludingmiddleone)are
I'mahostage.I'mmaroonded." similarinlinelengthandrhythm.
­ "your"=belongstohim.Notunder · Regularrhyme:ABCCB
hercontrolorherchoice.
· Refrain-"I'minPariswithyou."
­ Endstoppedlinesandfullstops
emphasisestatements. · Middlestanzaindentedwithshorter
­ Informal/colloquiallanguage lines:
"maroonded"andlater ­ Differentmood
"bamboozled"tomaintainrhyme= ­ Ideasspeedingup.
funandinven9ve.
­ Geingmoreexcited.Not
­ Directaddresstoreader.Feelmore
involved.Poemisveryin9mateand was9ng9me.Onenightstand.
wearemadetofeelasthoughwe
areeavesdropping. Tone:
­ "talkingwounded"->Metaphor. · Colloquialandveryinformal=seems
Showingherhurt.Punonphrase honest
"walkingwounded"(usedincontext · Downtoearth
ofwar).…

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Quickdraw
· "Youchooseyourspot,thenblast
me....throughtheheart"
­ "Youchoose".Directaddress.Underlovers
control.
­ "Blast"indicatesitispainful.Blas9ngof Structure
loveorbullets. · Irregularpauseswithcaesurasand
­ "throughtheheart"=newline enjambment.=breakinguptext
enjambmentforemphasis.Pausebetween
lines=delayedreac9on.Timeslowsdown. randomly,reflec9ngunpredictable
· "Andthisislove,highnoon,calamity, rela9onshipandtensionofbaXle.
hardliquor" Erra9cpacelikeagun-fightorheated
­ Not"mylove".Detachingherselffrom argument.
situa9on.Notadmiing. · Shapeofstanzasareirregular.Emo9ons
­ Basedonwesterns."highnoon"filmwhen
aSheriffgoesintobaXle.Shefeelslikeina areallovertheplace.
fiercegunfightwithlover. · Norhymeschemeorregularrhythm.
­ Comparisonto"hardliquor". Randominternalrhyme.
· Makesyouhigh
· Badconsequencesasitdoesn'tlast · 16linesoffreeversein4stanzas.
forever.Ahit.Ashock.Thenletsyou
down.Can'talwayslivedrinking
· Addic9ve…

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Ghazal
Structure
· "IfIamthegrassandyouthebreeze, · AncientPersianformofpoetry(ghazal)
blowthroughme." similartosonnet:
­ Spiritualreferencestonature=9meless
andpermanentlove.Theirloveisa ­ 5ormorecouplets/stanzas
naturalthing ­ Aboutforbiddenlove.OVenspiritual
­ Directaddressgivinginsightinto aboutGod.
narratorsthoughtsandfeelings.Feel
involved. ­ Stanzasarecalled`shers'.
­ Physicallove.Breezeandgrasstouch ­ Laststanza9einwithauthorsname.
andmovetogether.
­ Regularrhythm
­ Firstcommacaesuraseparates`If'
clauseofstanzawiththe`then'clause. · Coupletsallendin`me'.Sheisveryinvolved
· "charmer,useyourcharm,weavea andpersonal.Thisistypicalofghazal,called
spellandsubdueme." a`radif'
­ "spell"=powerfulmagicoflove.Can · Moststanzasstartwith`if'=condi9onal,
transform/changeandsubdue uncertain.Consequencesofnarrator's
venomoussnake. wishesdependonresponse.Tryinglotsof
­ "subdueme"=theyareahigherpower.…

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Brothers

Language Structure
· NorhymeorstrictrhythmicpaXern.
· "saddledwithyou"
· Threestanzasrecoun9ngstagesofaVernoon:
­ Nega9vefeelings.
1. Seingscene/showingrela9onship
­ Inconveniencerestric9ngfreedomof
speaker. 2. Presentsdisrup9ontoaVernoonplans.
3. Concludesstoryrevealingsepara9on
· Olderbrotherandfriend"ambled",
· Laststanzahas4linesinsteadof5=
"talking""sighed","strolled".
incompleterela9onshipofpoetandbrother.
Youngerbrother"skipped", Lifewithbrothernotyetover.
"spou "windmilled"
­ Enthusiasmofyoungerbrother
reflectshisprideandexcitementand
beingwitholderbrotherheworships
­ Olderbrotherseemsmuchmore
mature,doingwhatadultsdo,when
contrastedwithyoungerbrothers
immatureskipping.
Tone
· "wechasedOlympicGold."
· Recoun9ngnostalgictone.
­ Olderboysares9llchildren.
· Regrerul
­ Theyarecompe99ve,boyishrunning…

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Praisesongformymother
Language
· "Riseandwarmandstreaming"
­ Longvowelsounds(assonance)and`soV'
consonants.Sustainedandcalming.
­ Lighttheway.Connoteslove,comfort, Structure
happiness. · Praisesong=typeofpoemfromAfrican
­ Repe99onof`and'emphasiseshowmuch origin.
sheis. · Regularandpredictable.->Motheris
­ Grammarnotcompletelycorrect.Reflects alwaysthere,comfor9ng,reliable,bold.
childhoodperspec9veandpossiblylocal ­ First3stanzassimilarwith3lines.
dialectfromearlieryears. ­ Laststanzaextendedbringing
­ Descrip9onsofnatureare9meless. aXen9ontopoem'sfinalline.
Mothersquali9eswillalwayslast. · Lastparagraphwithlongerlines:
· "Youwere" "thefishesredgilltome
­ Repe99onthroughoutpoememphasises theflametree'sspreadtome
howimportantsheis thecrab'sleg/thefriedplantainsmell"
­ Startofmul9plemetaphors.Sayingshewas ­ Ideasspeedingup.Toomany.Time
somethingismoreweightythan`shewas runningouttogether.
like'. ­…

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Language
Harmonium
· "itshummedharmonicss chord" · 4stanzas
­ Allitera9onof`h'and`s'.Melodicand ­ Describingharmoniumasit
lyricallikesong. stands
­ Commonphrase"struckachord".Pun ­ Closerdescrip9onofharmonium
takenliterallyandmetaphorically.
­ Historyofinstrument
Triggersthoughtsofthepast.
­ Carryingharmoniumfromchurch
· "Wheretheorganist'sfeet,ingrey,
andrela9onbetweenspeaker
woollensocksandleathersoled-shoes, andfather.
hadpedalledandpedalled."
· Rhythmicallineswithcaesuras
­ Assonance.`oh'soundin`soledshoes'.
SoVsound · Rhymeoccasionally.E.g.last2lines.
­ Caesurasbreakuptext.Makereader
usepausesandreadslower,reflec9ng Tone
hisreminiscing. · Colloquial."Gatheringdust""bundled
­ Repe99onofpedalledisveryrhythmic offtotheskip""soldforasong".
andemphasisesthepassingof9me.
· Honestanddecep9velysimple.…

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Sonnet116
Language
Structure
· "Letmenottothemarriageoftrue
mindsadmitimpediments." · StandardShakespeareansonnet
­ Echotheconven9onalChris9an ­ 14linesincludingafinalcouplet
marriageservice ­ Rhymeschemeababcdcdefefgg
­ Stressesthatmarriageshouldbe ­ Conven9onalstructure.
withoutbarriersandobstacles. ­ `'volta'atend-coupletwhich
­ Givesauthoritytoargument. shiVsmoodormeaningofpoem,
· "Itisanever-fixedmark,thatlooks orassertssomesortof
ontempestsandisnevershaken:" revela9on.
­ Metaphor."itis"not"like"shows
certainty.Indisputablefact
­ Verystrongandenduringasitcan Tone
reckonwiththeforceofnature/ · FormalstandardEnglish
naturalelements. · Sincere
­ Loveisanessen9alpartofour
physicalworld.
Themes
· "Love'snotTime'sfool"
· Meaningoflove.Notaboutapersonal…

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