Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Manhunt
Language:Mostlymetaphors
· "Onlythenwouldheletmetrace
thefrozenriverwhichranthroughhisface" Structure
­ Frozen=emo9onless/cold · Rhyme=Mostlyhalfrhymingcouplets
­ Takes9metofreeze,oldwounds. · Differentinjuriesintroducedin
­ Heletme=underHiscontrol.Need differentcouplets
permission · Unrhymed=senseof
­ `onlythen'repe99on=slow fragmenta9on,brokenman
painstakingprocess · 1stpersonnarra9ve,
· "thefoetusofmetalbeneathhischest" · Regularrhythmandlength
­ Metal=coldandunfeeling · Wife'smethodicalpa9ent
­ Foetusmetaphorsymbolism: treatmentofcaringforhusband
· Growingpain
· Heart.Notfullydeveloped.S9ll
growing
· Notconnectedtohim.Likea Themes
babyonlylivinginhim. · Trust
· "aswea<ngunexplodedmine" · Communica9on
­ Transferredepithet · Rebuildingbrokenrela9onship
· Hot/easilyangered.Bothered. · PTSD­posttrauma9cstressdisorder.
Quicktoexplode Wifeistryingtomendmentalwounds
· Nervous/scared/tense ofhusband,sustainedwhilstatwar.
­ Mine=explosionofemo9ons. · "Manhunt"->Searchingfortheman
­ `explode'=onomatopoeia sheonceknewbutnowhaslost
metaphorically
· "parachutesilk","porcelain","foetus",
"fingerandthumb","handleandhold"
­ Indicatesheisfragileanddamaged.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Hour
Language Structure
· "Forthousandsofsecondswekiss" · Shakespeareansonnet
­ Juxtaposi9on.Coun9ngsecondsrather ­ 14lines
thanminutes.Emphasiseshowvaluable
eachsecondis. ­ Predictablerhymescheme
­ Assonanceof`n'and`d'soundswhich · ababcdcdefefgg
slowthepaceofthereaderand ­ Lastrhymingcoupletconcluding
symbolisehowsheistryingtoprolong poemdoesnotofferhuge`turn'
9me. inmeaning,likeusualsonnets,
· "thanhere.Now.Timehateslove, confirmingideathatlovewill
wantslovepoor,butlovespinsgold, alwaystriumph.
gold,goldfromstraw."
­ Caesuras->breakuplinesotakes · Stanzassamelengthdueto
longertoread.Timeisslowingforlove. enjambment
­ Loveturnssomethingsmallto ­ Enjambmentbreaksupslinesbut
somethingprecious(straw->gold)Can alsogivesenseofstoppingand
findrichesinanything.
star9ng.Timeseemstostop,but
­ 1wordsentence`Now'.Emphasises inevitablykeepsflowingonwards
simplicityofsitua9onandtheirfeeling
ofcompletenessandsa9sfac9on.Don't · Irregularrhythm
careaboutfutureorpast. ­ 9meisnotfixedwhenwithlove.
­ Referencetofairytalecharacter
Rumples9ltskinaddsamagicalfeelto
closinglines.
­ Repe99onof`gold'showsitisongoing
Themes:
love. · CARPEDIEM:liveinmoment
· "Wefindanhourtogether,spenditnot ­ Timeisobstacleforlove
onflowersorwine,butthewholeof ­ Fewmomentstogetherare
thesummerskyandagrassditch". invaluableandprecious
­ Punon`spend'with9meandwealth.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

InPariswithYou
Language Structure
· "I'moneofyourtalkingwounded. · Stanzas(excludingmiddleone)are
I'mahostage.I'mmaroonded." similarinlinelengthandrhythm.
­ "your"=belongstohim.Notunder · Regularrhyme:ABCCB
hercontrolorherchoice.
· Refrain-"I'minPariswithyou."
­ Endstoppedlinesandfullstops
emphasisestatements. · Middlestanzaindentedwithshorter
­ Informal/colloquiallanguage lines:
"maroonded"andlater ­ Differentmood
"bamboozled"tomaintainrhyme= ­ Ideasspeedingup.
funandinven9ve.
­ Geingmoreexcited.Not
­ Directaddresstoreader.Feelmore
involved.Poemisveryin9mateand was9ng9me.Onenightstand.
wearemadetofeelasthoughwe
areeavesdropping. Tone:
­ "talkingwounded"->Metaphor. · Colloquialandveryinformal=seems
Showingherhurt.Punonphrase honest
"walkingwounded"(usedincontext · Downtoearth
ofwar).
· Lighttonehidingherpain.
· "AndIdon'tcarewherearewe
bound"
Themes
­ "we"emphasisestheyaretogether.
Wantstoflauntit. · Lust/passion
­ "Arewe".Switchednounandverb= · Nottruelove=cheap/fake
ques<onstructure · CarpeDiem
· LiXleknowledgeabout ­ Liveinthemoment.Noromance
future/orheruncertaintyif
shecares.
· grammarsacrificedforrhyme. Language
· "Learningwhoyouare,Learning · "WesaysodofftosoddingNotreDame"
whatIam.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Quickdraw
· "Youchooseyourspot,thenblast
me....throughtheheart"
­ "Youchoose".Directaddress.Underlovers
control.
­ "Blast"indicatesitispainful.Blas9ngof Structure
loveorbullets. · Irregularpauseswithcaesurasand
­ "throughtheheart"=newline enjambment.=breakinguptext
enjambmentforemphasis.Pausebetween
lines=delayedreac9on.Timeslowsdown. randomly,reflec9ngunpredictable
· "Andthisislove,highnoon,calamity, rela9onshipandtensionofbaXle.
hardliquor" Erra9cpacelikeagun-fightorheated
­ Not"mylove".Detachingherselffrom argument.
situa9on.Notadmiing. · Shapeofstanzasareirregular.Emo9ons
­ Basedonwesterns."highnoon"filmwhen
aSheriffgoesintobaXle.Shefeelslikeina areallovertheplace.
fiercegunfightwithlover. · Norhymeschemeorregularrhythm.
­ Comparisonto"hardliquor". Randominternalrhyme.
· Makesyouhigh
· Badconsequencesasitdoesn'tlast · 16linesoffreeversein4stanzas.
forever.Ahit.Ashock.Thenletsyou
down.Can'talwayslivedrinking
· Addic9ve
· "Youring,quickdraw,yourvoiceapellet"
­ Caesurasbreakinguplineshowing
unpredictablesuddenpain.
­ Extendedmetaphorbetween
contemporaryphonesandguns,fiingwith
historicwesterntheme.Showshow Tone
rela9onshipshavelongbeenthisway. · Informal/colloquial.
­ Juxtaposi9onofarchaicandnewis
awkwardandreflectsawkwardrela9onship · Contemporary/modernlanguage
­ "pellet"=sharponomatopoeic.Bullet. context.
Violence · Light-heartedandhumorousdueto
­ "quickdraw"fastreac9ons.Beenwai9ng
forthiscall. someoftheimagestypicalofslaps9ck.
· "Itwirlthephone,thensqueezethe · Seriousemo9onalstruggle.
triggerofmytongue,wideofthemark."
­ Tonguemetaphorasweapon=argument.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Ghazal
Structure
· "IfIamthegrassandyouthebreeze, · AncientPersianformofpoetry(ghazal)
blowthroughme." similartosonnet:
­ Spiritualreferencestonature=9meless
andpermanentlove.Theirloveisa ­ 5ormorecouplets/stanzas
naturalthing ­ Aboutforbiddenlove.OVenspiritual
­ Directaddressgivinginsightinto aboutGod.
narratorsthoughtsandfeelings.Feel
involved. ­ Stanzasarecalled`shers'.
­ Physicallove.Breezeandgrasstouch ­ Laststanza9einwithauthorsname.
andmovetogether.
­ Regularrhythm
­ Firstcommacaesuraseparates`If'
clauseofstanzawiththe`then'clause. · Coupletsallendin`me'.Sheisveryinvolved
· "charmer,useyourcharm,weavea andpersonal.Thisistypicalofghazal,called
spellandsubdueme." a`radif'
­ "spell"=powerfulmagicoflove.Can · Moststanzasstartwith`if'=condi9onal,
transform/changeandsubdue uncertain.Consequencesofnarrator's
venomoussnake. wishesdependonresponse.Tryinglotsof
­ "subdueme"=theyareahigherpower. differentrolestogettheloveshedesires
Shewantsthemtocontrolherandkeep
herinline. fromman.Showsherdespera9onforthis
­ Metaphoroflove/personifica9onofher love.
rolecon9nuesfromfirstlineofstanza. · Enjambmentwithinstanza=con9nua9on
Emphasiseswhatheis,whatsheis,and oftheirloveandconnec9onbetweenthem.
whattheyaretogether.
Butalsosepara9nghisac9onsandher
­ Lowself-esteem.Charmermore
talentedandimportantthansnake, ac9ons.
· "ShamsuddintomyRumi" · Eachstanza=newtheme/ideainquick
­ Shamsuddin=adirvish(dancesin succession.Makespoemseemplayfulbut
circularmo9onstocommunicatewith quiteintense.
gods)
­ RumiwroteghazalstoShamsuddin.
Tone
­ Bringinginreligiousandspiritualaspects
topoem.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

Brothers
Language Structure
· NorhymeorstrictrhythmicpaXern.
· "saddledwithyou"
· Threestanzasrecoun9ngstagesofaVernoon:
­ Nega9vefeelings.
1. Seingscene/showingrela9onship
­ Inconveniencerestric9ngfreedomof
speaker. 2. Presentsdisrup9ontoaVernoonplans.
3. Concludesstoryrevealingsepara9on
· Olderbrotherandfriend"ambled",
· Laststanzahas4linesinsteadof5=
"talking""sighed","strolled".
incompleterela9onshipofpoetandbrother.
Youngerbrother"skipped", Lifewithbrothernotyetover.
"spou<ngsix-year-oldviews"
"windmilled"
­ Enthusiasmofyoungerbrother
reflectshisprideandexcitementand
beingwitholderbrotherheworships
­ Olderbrotherseemsmuchmore
mature,doingwhatadultsdo,when
contrastedwithyoungerbrothers
immatureskipping.
Tone
· "wechasedOlympicGold."
· Recoun9ngnostalgictone.
­ Olderboysares9llchildren.
· Regrerul
­ Theyarecompe99ve,boyishrunning
forbus.Can'thelpbutrevealtrue
nature.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

Praisesongformymother
Language
· "Riseandwarmandstreaming"
­ Longvowelsounds(assonance)and`soV'
consonants.Sustainedandcalming.
­ Lighttheway.Connoteslove,comfort, Structure
happiness. · Praisesong=typeofpoemfromAfrican
­ Repe99onof`and'emphasiseshowmuch origin.
sheis. · Regularandpredictable.->Motheris
­ Grammarnotcompletelycorrect.Reflects alwaysthere,comfor9ng,reliable,bold.
childhoodperspec9veandpossiblylocal ­ First3stanzassimilarwith3lines.
dialectfromearlieryears. ­ Laststanzaextendedbringing
­ Descrip9onsofnatureare9meless. aXen9ontopoem'sfinalline.
Mothersquali9eswillalwayslast. · Lastparagraphwithlongerlines:
· "Youwere" "thefishesredgilltome
­ Repe99onthroughoutpoememphasises theflametree'sspreadtome
howimportantsheis thecrab'sleg/thefriedplantainsmell"
­ Startofmul9plemetaphors.Sayingshewas ­ Ideasspeedingup.Toomany.Time
somethingismoreweightythan`shewas runningouttogether.
like'. ­ Thingswhichremindherofhome.
­ Directaddresstomother.Seemsmore · Nopunctua9on.Motherishelpinglimitless
personal inherloveandcare.Candoanything.No
­ Definitelylookingbackatpastand boundaries.
childhood.
· "PraisesongforMyMother" Themes
­ Praise.SeemsholyLooksuptoher. · Familyrela9onships(motherand
Religiousfaithinmother. children)
· "Gotoyourwidefutures,yousaid" · Leingchildrengoandgrowup.
­ Showinglimitlesspossibili9esoffuture. · Gloryofparents.
Op9mis9c. · Quali9esofaperson
­ Commandingthemtoleaveandgrowup.
Notafraidtoletthemgo.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

Language
Harmonium
· "itshummedharmonicss<llstrucka Structure
chord" · 4stanzas
­ Allitera9onof`h'and`s'.Melodicand ­ Describingharmoniumasit
lyricallikesong. stands
­ Commonphrase"struckachord".Pun ­ Closerdescrip9onofharmonium
takenliterallyandmetaphorically.
­ Historyofinstrument
Triggersthoughtsofthepast.
­ Carryingharmoniumfromchurch
· "Wheretheorganist'sfeet,ingrey,
andrela9onbetweenspeaker
woollensocksandleathersoled-shoes, andfather.
hadpedalledandpedalled."
· Rhythmicallineswithcaesuras
­ Assonance.`oh'soundin`soledshoes'.
SoVsound · Rhymeoccasionally.E.g.last2lines.
­ Caesurasbreakuptext.Makereader
usepausesandreadslower,reflec9ng Tone
hisreminiscing. · Colloquial."Gatheringdust""bundled
­ Repe99onofpedalledisveryrhythmic offtotheskip""soldforasong".
andemphasisesthepassingof9me.
· Honestanddecep9velysimple.
· "Gildedfinches-likehighnotes-had
streamedout".
­ Similethe`wrongwayround'.Makesit
showhowliterallyfantas9ctheywere.
­ Goldandhigh=joyfulimageofpast.
· "Andhebeinghim,can'thelpbut Themes
say....andI,beingme,thenmouthin · Reminiscing/regret.
reply..." · Growingup.Lifeiscyclical->sontakes
­ Parallelism:formofrepe99oninwhich placeoffatherover9me.(death)
syntax(structureofwordsinsentence) · Fatherandsonrela9onships
isrepeated.
· Music
­ Knowhoweachotheractsowell,that
theyarepredic9ngandunderstand
whattheyaregoingtosay.Intensifies
rela9onship.…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

Sonnet116
Language
Structure
· "Letmenottothemarriageoftrue
mindsadmitimpediments." · StandardShakespeareansonnet
­ Echotheconven9onalChris9an ­ 14linesincludingafinalcouplet
marriageservice ­ Rhymeschemeababcdcdefefgg
­ Stressesthatmarriageshouldbe ­ Conven9onalstructure.
withoutbarriersandobstacles. ­ `'volta'atend-coupletwhich
­ Givesauthoritytoargument. shiVsmoodormeaningofpoem,
· "Itisanever-fixedmark,thatlooks orassertssomesortof
ontempestsandisnevershaken:" revela9on.
­ Metaphor."itis"not"like"shows
certainty.Indisputablefact
­ Verystrongandenduringasitcan Tone
reckonwiththeforceofnature/ · FormalstandardEnglish
naturalelements. · Sincere
­ Loveisanessen9alpartofour
physicalworld.
Themes
· "Love'snotTime'sfool"
· Meaningoflove.Notaboutapersonal
­ Tradi9onalargumentabout9meand
experiencebetweenspeakerandlover.
love.Lovetriumphsover9me.
­ Personifica9onoftwo`enemies'. · Trueloveisunchanging/constant
Makesloveand9meseemtangible · Loveispricelessandmysterious.
objectswhichcanphysicallyfight. · Loveisgreaterthandeath
Moredrama9c
­ Stressingqualityoflovebysaying
whatitisnot. Language
· "withinhisbendingsickle'scompass · "Butbearsitouteventotheedgeof
come;" doom"
­ 3rdperson."his"Notaboutpersonal ­ Languageassociatedwith
experiencesbutageneralfactonthe extremestoshowthepowerof
qualityoflove.…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Literature resources:

See all English Literature resources »See all resources »