Why was the Tsar’s Government Overthrown in March 1917?

The causes for the overthrow of Tsar’s Government.

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  • Created by: Heer Shah
  • Created on: 30-03-09 10:28
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Why was the Tsar's Government Overthrown in March
The first cause for the overthrow of Tsar's Government was because
conditions for most people in Russia were very bad. Over 90% of the
people were poor peasants who were barely able to scratch a living
from the land, which they rarely owned for themselves. Living and
working conditions for the working class were appalling. They often
lived in slums or even in the factories where they worked. They earned
very low wages and worked long hours. They were not allowed to form
trade unions to fight for better conditions. The police or the army
crushed any protests or strikes.
The second cause for the overthrow of the Tsar's Government was
many people disliked the way the Tsar ruled. Nicholas issued the
October Manifesto by which he granted freedom of speech, he granted
the right to form political parties, he agreed to the election of the
parliament by the people. The Manifesto was accepted by the Liberals.
Although the Tsar granted rights through the October Manifesto, he still
had absolute power with the right to appoint ministers and dismiss the
Duma anytime he wanted. The extreme Revolutionary parties rejected
the Manifesto, they wanted to overthrow the Tsar and install a
completely new system of government, so revolutionary action
continued. Nicholas was not prepared to give up any of his powers as
he believed in autocracy. He believed his powers came from God. He
refused to cooperate with the government, he had the power to govern
by decree without consulting the Duma, and therefore, no Duma
managed to pass any laws to improve the position of the poor in
The next cause for the overthrow of the Tsar's Government was for
some time, there had been revolutionary parties who wanted to
overthrow the Tsar. The main parties were the Liberals, the Social
Democrats, Mensheviks, and Bolsheviks. The main aim of all these
parties was to get rid of the Tsar except the Liberals, who wanted an
elected Parliament to help the Tsar run the country. Most determined
were the Bolsheviks, led by Lenin, who believed in the ideas of Karl
Marx. Their aim was to get rid of Tsar and take over the factories. They
believed that revolution in Russia should be secretly planned by a small

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weaknesses for the Bolsheviks were that their leaders were often in
prison or exile, for example Lenin, and they refused to cooperate with
other parties.
The fourth cause for the overthrow of the Tsar's Government was the
economy could not meet the demands of fighting the war and civilians
suffered badly. The war affected those at home, who had put up with
serious food shortages. Many peasants conscripted into the army so,
there were not enough people to produce food.…read more

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Rasputin. The ministers were appointed and dismissed on his direction.
Rasputin's power and influence made him powerful enemies,
particularly among the nobles, and weakened the royal family's
standing in Russia. When Nicholas took personal command of the army,
he was blamed for the continued defeats of the Russian army, and
therefore, lost vital support from the army and the people.
In conclusion, I believe the main reason for the overthrow of the Tsar's
Government was many Russian people disliked the way the Tsar ruled.…read more


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