Why America wasn't isolationist.

Revision notes breaking down the reasons why America wasn't isolationist under Roosevelt. Suitable for A2 History.

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America Wasn't Isolationist.
The Dawes and Young Plans:
Two private initiatives brought in by two American bankers to help Germany pay
reparations payments.
Dawes Plan: (1924) Measure devised by a committee chaired by Charles Dawes to
collect and distribute German reparations after World War I. It established a schedule
of payments and arranged for a loan of 800 million marks by US banks to stabilize the
German currency.
Young Plan: (1929) Renegotiation of Germany's World War I reparations payments by
a committee chaired by the U.S. lawyer Owen D. Young (1874­1962) in Paris. The
Young Plan, a revision of the Dawes Plan, reduced the amount due from Germany to
$26.3 billion, to be paid over 59 years, and ended foreign controls on German
economic life. It went into effect in 1930, but the world depression affected Germany's
ability to pay. When Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, he repudiated the obligations
of the Treaty of Versailles, including reparations.
The Washington Conference:
The Washington Naval Conference was a diplomatic conference, called by the
administration of President Warren G. Harding and held in Washington, D.C. from 12
November 1921 to 6 February 1922. Conducted outside the auspices of the League of
Nations, it was attended by nine nations having interests in the Pacific Ocean and
East Asia. Soviet Russia was not invited to the conference. It was the first
international conference held in the United States and the first disarmament
conference in history. It resulted in three major treaties: FourPower Treaty,
FivePower Treaty and the NinePower Treaty and a number of smaller agreements.
These treaties preserved peace during the 1920s but are also credited with enabling
the rise of the Japanese Empire as a naval power leading up to World War II.
The KelloggBriand Pact:
The KelloggBriand Pact, also known as the Pact of Paris after the city where it was
signed on August 27, 1928, was an international treaty "providing for the renunciation
of war as an instrument of national policy." It failed in its purpose but was significant
for later developments in international law. It was named after the American secretary
of state Frank B. Kellogg and French foreign minister Aristide Briand, who drafted the
In its original form, the Pact of Paris was a renunciation of war between France and
the US. However, Frank B. Kellogg, then U.S. Secretary of State, wanted to retain
American freedom of action Kellogg thus responded with a proposal for a multilateral
pact against war open for all nations to become signatories, in hopes of diluting the
French proposal into a meaningless statement of utopian idealism
American Relief Administration:
The American Relief Administration was an American relief mission to Europe and
later Soviet Russia after World War I. Herbert Hoover, future president of the United
States, was the program director.

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The ARA's immediate predecessor was Committee for Relief in Belgium, also
headed by Hoover, which fed seven million Belgians and two million northern French
during World War I during a blockade of Germany by Britain. In the immediate
aftermath of the war, the ARA delivered more than four million tons of relief supplies to
twentythree wartorn European countries.
The "good neighbour" policy:
Good Neighbour Policy: Trade without military force. Withdrew all marines from
Central America new relationship based on equality.…read more

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D. Roosevelt carefully exploited to ensure that US allies overseas were not unduly
penalized by the acts.
World Economic Conference 1933:
The London Economic Conference was a meeting that took place between 66 nations
in the summer of 1933. The purpose was to attack global depression, revive
international trade, and stabilize international currencies. However, while vacationing
on his yacht in the North Pacific, Franklin D.…read more


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