Wet Rice Farming Case Study: Lower Ganges Valley, India

For Edexcel Geography A

HideShow resource information
Preview of Wet Rice Farming Case Study: Lower Ganges Valley, India

First 237 words of the document:

Intensive Wet Rice Farming Case Study: Lower Ganges Valley, India
Location: The Ganges River flows from the Himalayas into the Bay of Bengal. Here because monsoon rains causes the Ganges to flood each
year which deposits alluvium (fertile silt) on the land and waters the rice crop.
Farming as a System:
Physical Inputs
Silt (alluvium ­ very fertile) deposited by the Ganges during floods (June to September)
High temperatures (21°C +)
Continuous growing season
Monsoon rains
Flat padi fields
Human Inputs
Labour intensive:
o Construct bunds around padi fields
o Build irrigation canals
o Plant and harvest crops
Planting rice in nursery
Transplanting rice into padi field
Planting winter crop (e.g. wheat)
Harvesting crops
Growing vegetables
Looking after chickens
2 crop (e.g. wheat)
Eggs/meat (chickens)
Problems for farmers
Landless farmers
Very small farm holdings
Increasing population
Few modern methods
The Green Revolution:
High yield Varieties (HYV) of grains
1960's research funded by MEDCs
IR-8 trebled rice yield
Fast growing so 2 crops can be grown in 1 year
Reliable as resistant to disease
Need lots of fertiliser and insecticide = expensive and not so sustainable
Need lots of water= irrigation canals

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Yields increased more than three times
Possible to grow up to three crops a year
Other crops grown which vary diet
Surplus food to sell in cities, creating profit
Improved standard of living
Poorest farmers unable to afford machinery, fertiliser and pesticide required
HYV's need more water and fertiliser which is expensive
Money borrowing puts some farmers into debt
Maintenance and fuel needed for machines is not always available
Appropriate Technology
Technology that suits the needs and characteristics of the local people
Simple…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »