Voting Factors

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  • Created on: 26-04-14 14:48
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Do they traditionally support Democrats or Republicans? In 12 out of the 15
elections between 1952 and 2008, elections have been won by the party who
identifies most with its voters. Independent voters, voters who have no official
party affiliation, are also useful. These voters gave Obama an 8% advantage in
The "gender gap" in US politics describes the big gap between how women vote
compared to men. Women generally vote for Democrats, whilst men generally vote
for Republicans. For example, in the 9 out of 10 elections between 1964 and 2000,
women favoured the Democrat candidate more. This may lie in party policies, as
Democrats are generally more supportive of women's issues, for example they are
pro choice.
Race is also an important deciding factor. Since the 1930s, because of Roosevelt's
New Deal which favoured minorities, Democrats have tended to attract the racial
and ethnic minorities, especially African Americans in the 1960s through their
support of Affirmative Action. In the 8 elections between 1980 and 2008, African
Americans never gave the Democrats less then 80% of their vote, reaching its high
in 2008 when 95% of African Americans voted for Democrats, because of Barack
Obama, the first African American President of the United States. Hispanics,
meanwhile, tend to support the more conservative Republicans, for example in
2000 and 2004 they gave their support to Bush, with 31% and 43% respectively.
However, they went for Obama in 2008 and 2012, likely because of his race and
likeability to appoint more minorities.
Protestants traditionally vote for the Republicans, as the majority of their votes
went to Bush Senior, Dole, Bush Junior and McCain. They tend also attract Christian
Fundamentalists, especially since the rise of the ultra conservative Tea Party in

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Catholics tend to support Democrats, as the majority of their votes went to
Clinton, Gore and Obama. John F Kennedy, the first Catholic President, was a
Democrat. Jewish voters tend to go for Democrats, as proven in the 1996 and 2000
election, with 78% and 79% went to Clinton and Gore respectively. 85% of Muslim
voters went for Obama in the 2012 election, helping to defeat Romney.…read more

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There is a high degree of correlation between how people vote and how many
people live in their area. Densely populated areas, such as New York City, tend to
vote for Democrats, whilst sparsely populated areas, such as the South, tend to
vote for Republicans. In the 7 elections between 1984 and 2008, 60% of the city
vote went to the Democrats. Bush, meanwhile, received much support from the
suburbs in 2004, and realised the importance of them.…read more


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