VOTES FOR WOMEN

Notes on how the vote was gained, the tactics they used, and the public opinion.

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  • Created on: 12-06-11 13:58
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Womens suffrage
1882 a women is allowed to own her own property.
Until 1884 a woman was legally her husband's property. Gradual changes for women.
1888 women allowed to vote in local elections.
1897 SUFFRAGISTS FORMED (MILLICENT FAWCETTE)
1903 SUFFRAGETTES FORMED (EMMELINE PANKHURTS AND DAUGHTERS) (Fed up of no
response)
SUFFRAGISTS = Peaceful. Petitions, Meetings, rallys, letters, newspapers, asking MP's for support.
SUFFRAGETTES = Violent. Burned buildings, smashing, assaulting, chaining, vandalising, destroying.
1906 Liberal government win power. 400 of 650 MP's infavor of womens suffrage.
1907 Womens suffrage bill introduced, but is delayed and runs out of time.
1908 New womens suffrage bill introduced but doesn't get past second reading.
Suffragettes furious and violence increases.
1909 RADICAL SUFFRAGE BILL (Votes to nearly all men and women) No further than 2nd reading
1910 ­ Concilliation bill gives women votes. Gets a majority, ASQUITH calls election it gets dropped
1911 ­ Concilliation bill reintroduced. Proceed in 1912. Majority. Asquith changes bill for men votes.
1912 ­ Reading of the bill. Defeated.
ARGUEMENTS FOR WOMENS SUFFRAGE:
- They can be teachers, doctors and mayors.
-Intelligent, deserve the vote. Some unintelligent men have it. Not fair
-Pay taxes, should be entitled to say what happens with the money
- Interested in politics
-Religious view ­ All men and women are equal in the eyes of God, should have equal opportunities
- Other countries like New Zealand already allow women to vote
ARGUMENTS AGAINST WOMENS SUFFRAGE:
- Women do not fight in wars for their country
- Many women not interested in having the vote
- Women should be protected from grubby world of politics
- Women and men have different roles ­ Husband must look after woman
- Women too emotional and would not use their vote wisely
- Not give into violence
CAT AND MOUSE ACT 1913 ­ When women were arrested they went on hunger strike in prison. So
prison officers force fed them so they didn't die. This got out to the press and caused the public to
sympathise with the suffragettes. So the government introduced a law meaning that hungerstrikers
would be released from prison until they were healthy again, and then taken back into prison to
serve their sentence.

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­ WAR BROKE OUT, suffragettes and suffragists stopped their campaign and helped with the
war effort.
Worked as police, post men, factories, bus drivers, ect.
Munitions crisis 1915 ­ Many women worked in the munitions factories.
The war effort PROVED that women were worthy of having the vote.
After war ended, voting system needed to be changed anyway so soldiers could vote, meaning in
1918 the REPRESENTATION OF THE PEOPLES ACT allowed all women over 31 to vote.
1928- changed to all women over 21.…read more

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