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Slide 1

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Voluntary or
relationships…read more

Slide 2

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In western cultures we can easily move around
and voluntarily interact with a large number of
people mostly acquaintances, this is due to the
fact that we mostly live in urban settings.
Western cultures can be characterised by a high
amount of choice in personal relationships and
a greater `pool' of potential relationships…read more

Slide 3

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In non western cultures there is less choice of
who to interact with on a daily basis due to the
lack of large urban areas
Interactions with strangers are rare and
relationships are usually tied to other factors
such as family or economic resources…read more

Slide 4

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Research has found that in societies with reduced mobility, such
as India, arranged marriages make good sense and seem to work
well; possibly because the parents (who are not `blinded by love')
make the decision and know who would be compatible with their
·Epstein (2002) found that divorce rates are low for arranged
marriages and half of them report to have fallen in love with each
other. However, this also means that about half of them didn't fall
in love and it doesn't say anything of marital satisfaction, so such
marriages may not be as successful as this study makes out.
·Myers (2005) studied individuals in India living in arranged
marriages and found no difference in marital satisfaction when
compared to non-arranged couples in the US. This shows that
arranged marriages can be just as good as non-arranged. However,
marital satisfaction may have been emphasised because of social
desirability so the results may not be completely reliable.…read more

Slide 5

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However, in some rapidly developing countries, such as China, there has
been a noticeable increase in `love matches' and a move away from
traditional arranged marriages.
· In China, incidents of arranged marriages have declined from 70% prior
to 1949, to less than 10% in the 1990s. This could be because of western
influence and the growing emphasis on free will and women's rights. It
has been found that this change has had a positive effect on well-being.
· Xiaohe and Whyte (1990) studied women in Chengdu (China) and found
that those who had married for love felt better about their marriages
(regardless of duration) than women in arranged marriages. This shows
that `love matches' has a significant benefit for an individual. However,
this study is gender bias as it doesn't take into account men's
experiences, so no conclusion can be made about both genders.
· It is also culturally bias as all participants were from Chengdu and they
are not representative of the rest of the population. Although the results
could be reliable as the increase in how happy they felt about their
marriages was very significant because it increased despite the duration
of the marriage.…read more


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