Unit 2 (WJEC) Germany in Transition (1929-1947)

Just a complete guide to the second (WJEC) unit of Germany. Adapted from my notes, which were in turn adapted from the good words of my History teachers and from the relevant (WJEC) textbooks. Covers right through the War, and from the period of 1929 to 1947, plus, at the beginning, a little section on the Big Three Crises of 1929 (Hyperinflation, Munich Putsch etc). Any questions/sourcework that are not notes are seperated by a full line of dashes at their beginning and end. SPG checked, relevant for 2012.

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  • Created by: Sophie T
  • Created on: 16-04-12 22:29

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Unit 2: Germany in Transition (1929-1947) Sophie Thomas




The Rise of the Nazi Party and the Consolidation of Power

What was the impact of the Weimar period on the rise of the Nazis?
Political and economic problems of Weimar
The early development of the Party

How and why did Hitler…

Page 2

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Unit 2: Germany in Transition (1929-1947) Sophie Thomas




Most had middling views.




The Treaty of Versailles

Woodrow Wilson (USA)
President of America ­ the USA suffered the least during the war.
He believed in a fair peace treaty to prevent Germany from seeking revenge in the future.
He also thought…

Page 3

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Unit 2: Germany in Transition (1929-1947) Sophie Thomas




Consequences:
Germany was no longer benefitting from the Ruhr Valley, and is therefore getting poorer.

Crisis Two: Hyperinflation.
Events:
Germany had no money to pay for reparations.
Its government decided to print off more money, so the value of money goes down…

Page 4

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Unit 2: Germany in Transition (1929-1947) Sophie Thomas




Rebuilding the Used loans to benefit Improved housing, and Depending on USA, so
economy Germany (from the pensions and wages farmers began to
USA) rose. support Nazi Party.

Hitler and the Nazi Party:

Born in Austria.
Wanted to be an artist.
Became…

Page 5

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Unit 2: Germany in Transition (1929-1947) Sophie Thomas




Religion:
No.24 ­ Religious freedom to all (provided that their views didn't threaten or offend the German
people).

Consequences of the Munich Putsch:

Hitler considered making a name for himself on a national scale. He had been rather impressed with
Benito Mussolini's…

Page 6

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Unit 2: Germany in Transition (1929-1947) Sophie Thomas




The reparations payments were suspended, and Brüning resigned in May 1932. After this, the
extreme parties become increasingly successful and there is much more violence on the streets.

Why was the Nazi Party successful after 1930?

The Role of Goebbels:

The increase…

Page 7

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Unit 2: Germany in Transition (1929-1947) Sophie Thomas




Nazis were optimistic about improving on the number of votes that they had obtained previously. In
the run-up to all of this, there was much violence, which resulted in around 100 people killed and
more than 1,125 people wounded. More Germans voted…

Page 8

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Unit 2: Germany in Transition (1929-1947) Sophie Thomas




Limitations to Hitler's Power:

Hindenburg (the President) can sack him at any time.
Opposition parties still exist.
He doesn't have the support of the Army, which feels threatened by the S.A.
There are only three Nazis in the government (8 non-Nazis).
Any…

Page 9

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Unit 2: Germany in Transition (1929-1947) Sophie Thomas




suspend people's civil liberties, could control the press and ban trade unions, along with a host of
other things that would allow him to create his perfect dictatorship.

Gleichschaltung ("Coordination";"Making The Same"; "Bringing Into Line".)

The Nazis achieved totalitarian control over society…

Page 10

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Unit 2: Germany in Transition (1929-1947) Sophie Thomas




Hitler needed the army's support, which had felt threatened by the S.A, but NLK took care of
this.
On the 4th August 1934, President Hindenburg dies. Hitler then combined the roles of
Chancellor and President to make Führer (leader). The army then…

Comments

Lulu

Thankyou!! This is so good and helpful!!

arianator 4 life

massive help

Durre

Another thing is that asteroids are rock fragments made around 4.5 billion years ago. They formed quite close to the Sun, which explains why they contain no ice (i.e it melted). Asteroids come in many shapes and forms.
Mitzi, 8 minutes ag
Durre here is the next bit on Asteroids. Most are found in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. This is thought to actually have been another planet, that couldn't form because Jupiter's gravitational pull was too great. Now and again asteroids wander away from the belt. Another belt of asteroids is the Kuiper belt, found past Neptune, around about where Pluto is. Pluto is in fact just a very large trans-neptunian object. Here many of the dwarf planets are also found. Asteroids usually have a more circular orbit than comets as well.
Durre here is the next bit on Asteroids. Most are found in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. This is thought to actually have been another planet, that couldn't form because Jupiter's gravitational pull was too great. Now and again asteroids wander away from the belt. Another belt of asteroids is the Kuiper belt, found past Neptune, around about where Pluto is. Pluto is in fact just a very large trans-neptunian object. Here many of the dwarf planets are also found. Asteroids usually have a more circular orbit than comets as well.

Erm well it wasn't a book, but a set of cards called "The photographic card deck of the solar system" but they do make a book version of it as well. It's like £13 on amazon. at least I think it was there that I read it, but I may be wrong. Either way they're good though.

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