*Germany (Hitler) In Particular For WJEC Examing Board*

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The Rise of the Nazi party and its consolidation of power, 1929-34 Part 1

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GERMANY IN TRANSITION, c1929-1947 Part one:
The Rise of the Nazi party and its consolidation of power, 1929-34
1. What were the weaknesses of the Weimar government?
Political Weaknesses
1. The Kaiser abdicated ­ this created problems as there was no established government
2. The Treaty of Versailles was imposed on them they had to accept the blame.
3. The government had to be formed in Weimar and not the capital Berlin
4. There was a rise of extremist groups
5. Proportional representation meant that no one party could got enough votes to make a
government on their own and so the they had to form coalitions which made passing laws
more difficult.
Economic weaknesses
1. Reparations ­ they had to pay damages to Britain and France amounting to £6600 million
2. Loss of land ­ All colonies to be given to the allied powers. Alsace-Lorraine returned to
France. No union with Austria
3. Unemployment ­ Thousands of men returned from the war and were without jobs.
4. Weak currency. The German currency became weak. The Weimar government printed more
money and this caused hyperinflation.
The Treaty of Versailles ­ L.A.M.B.
Land - All colonies to be given to the allied powers. Alsace-Lorraine returned to France.
No union with Austria
Army ­ Army not to exceed 100,000. No military aircraft permitted. No naval vessel to be
greater than 10.000 tons.
Money ­ reparations fixed at £6600 million.
Blame ­ Article 231 the war guilt clause ­ This stated that Germany had to accept blame
for starting the war.
How did the Nazi Party gain support 1920-23?
· Military uniforms demonstrated strength at a time when the government was weak
· Use of force against communists and Trade unionists was popular with businesses
· Popular policies and speeches were used to discredit opponents and develop support.

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References to traditional values and reminders of `Who was to blame' for the economic
crisis and the state of Germany after the ToV builds support.
· Hitler began to make some changes. He adopted the swastika as the emblem of the party
and the use of the raised arm salute.
· Nazi political meetings generated much violence and so protection squads were used to
protect Nazi speakers.…read more

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All the ills of German society were caused by Jews. All Jews would be eliminated from
Germany.
What was the impact of the Wall Street Crash on Germany?
The Golden Years
In 1924, Gustav Stresemann had helped Germany sign up to The Dawes Plan (named after
the American banker who helped draft it) by negotiating with the Allies.
Germany's reparations payments had been reduced and the Allies agreed not to occupy areas
of Germany if reparations payments were not paid on time.…read more

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As the situation in Germany became worse Goebbels was able to present the Nazi party in
local, regional and national presidential elections.
The Nazi message especially the radio.
Success in Elections
The general election of 1930. The Wall Street crash and the developing depression as well
as the increase in unemployment disrupted the political situation.
The Nazi message was that Weimar had caused the economic crisis and the weak coalition
governments had no real solution to offer.…read more

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The Enabling Bill gave Hitler and the Nazi's full power for four years and that all laws the
Nazi's wanted to pass would happen.
The Enabling bill was passed on 23rd March 1933 and was the end of the Weimar
Constitution and democracy. This law allowed Hitler to secure closer control of Germany as
a nation.
It quickly resulted in: (1) suspension of civil liberties (2) censorship and the control of the
press. (3) Trade unions were banned.…read more

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Working class Employment Tackle unemployment Communists
Protect workers' rights Jews
The Allied Powers
Peasants Farm produce worth Reverse the decline in prices of Communists
more agricultural produce Jews
The Allied Powers
Women Stability Children's welfare, return to family Communists
values Jews
The Allied Powers…read more

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