Other slides in this set

Slide 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

· Ericson et al: On Toronto pres, 45-71% of quality pre and radio new
was about various forms of deviance
· William & Dickinson: British newspaper in 1993 devoted 30% of
space to crime
· The news media gives a distorted image of crime. Despite what
statistics tell us, the media portrays;
· Misrepresentation of violent crimes and sexual crimes
· Age fallacy ­ Criminals are portrayed as older, M/C people
· Exaggeration of police success & rick of victimisation
· Dramatic fallacy ­ Making events more dramatic
· Ingenuity fallacy ­ To commit a crime, you have to be clever
· Schleisnger & Tumber: Found that in the 1960's the focus had
been on murders and petty crime. By the 1990s this has shifted to
include drugs, child abuse, terrorism, football hooliganism &
mugging…read more

Slide 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

· The distorted picture of crime painted by the media reflects the
fact that news is a social construct
· News values are the criteria by which journalists and editor deicide
whether a story is newsworthy
· Immediacy ­ How current the event is
· Dramatisation ­ Action or excitement
· Personalisation ­ Human interest stories about individuals
· Higher status ­ Mot outrageous if the criminal is famous
· Simplification ­ Making stories easy to time
· Novelty ­ new or unexpected stories
· Risk ­ victim centred stories about vulnerability and fear
· Violence ­ Especially visible and spectacular acts…read more

Slide 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Missing white women syndrome
· Form of media hype in which excessive news coverage is devoted
to a specific missing white girl
· Postman: Crime is a postmodern spectacle that equally repeals
and fascinates people, the media therefore exaggerate and
sensationalise stories
· Keeitra & Mahoney ­ Media coverage of crime is increasing a
mixture of entertainment and sensationalism…read more

Slide 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

· There are many ways in which the media may create crime;
· Imitation ­ by providing deviant role models and `copycat'
· Arousal ­ idea that we're priming people to do more violent
· Desensitisation ­ People are no longer moved by violent crimes
· Transmitting knowledge of criminal techniques
· Creating a desire for material goods ­ relative deprivation
· Glamorising offending ­ `Alternative status hierarchy'
· Portraying the police as incompetent
· Media also shows people being punished which may act as a
· Most studies have found that exposure to media violence has a
small effect on audiences
· Ned Polsky: use of pornography is used as a release and prevents
people from committing sex related crimes…read more

Slide 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

· The media tends to exaggerate the amount of violent and unusual
crime as well as the groups who are at risk
· Gerbner et al: heavy users of television, (4+ hours a day) had higher
levels of fear of crime
· Schlesinger & Tumber: Found a correlation between media
consumption and fear of crime, with tabloid readers and heavy
users of TV expressing greater fear of becoming a victim
A02: Richard Sparks
· Most `media effects' research ignore the meanings that viewers give
to media violence
· Ignores external factors
· It may be that people who already fear of going out at night watch
more TV because they are at home…read more

Slide 7

Preview of page 7
Preview of page 7

Slide 8

Preview of page 8
Preview of page 8

Slide 9

Preview of page 9
Preview of page 9

Slide 10

Preview of page 10
Preview of page 10


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all resources »