To what extent does demand for resources vary with time and location

essay i wrote for the population and resources topic.

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Bethany Rossiter
To what extent does demand for resources vary with time and location?
Time, such as the change that experienced over long periods of time in the world's
economy and society, as well as aspects of location such as the availability of
resources, does influence the demand for resources around the world. However,
because it is hard to define what demand actually is, then it can be hard to say
whether time and location do actually affect the demand for resources.
Firstly, time, which can be defined as either a long time frame such as over
decades of a short time frame such as over a year, can have an impact on the
demand for resources due to social, economic and technological change over
periods in history. As a country's wealth increases and a country advances in its
technological capabilities, the country is able to provide an ever increasing supply
for more resources which increases the demand for these resources as they are
more readily available, which means more can be consumed. This has been the case
in Germany in terms of their energy supplies. Germany used to be more dependent
on non renewable energy resources such as oil and gas, however, as the prices of
non renewables are increasing, and the technological capabilities of Germany is
also increasing, Germany started to invest in renewable energy supplies to
decrease their demand of non renewables, as they had the technology and the need
to do so, which meant that the demand was lower as the consumption of non
renewables was lower. Therefore, today, 5% of Germany's electricity supply is
generated through renewable means such as hydro electric power. However, it
could be argued that Germany has an even greater demand on non renewables now
than it did before it started using renewables, as because there is less of a supply
of non renewables, the amount that people demand has increased as pressure on the
supply of non renewables for energy on an individual scale is still very high.
Also, social changes over time such society in richer countries are becoming more
environmentally aware, which means that the demand for renewable energy is
increasing, but this is not because people necessarily need more renewable energy
supplies, but because it is what they desire. Therefore the demand for resources
may not be influenced by time as the demand itself is not due to a high rate of
consumption, but due to changing perceptions in society today, which mean that
people want cleaner energy supplies now, whereas this was not the case one
hundred years ago, when the environmental awareness of the population was a lot
lower than it is today.
Furthermore, changes in population over time can be argued to influence the
demand for resources, as the more people there are in a country, the higher the
demand for resources will be because the rate of consumption is higher than a
country with a lower population growth rate. For example, China has a population
of 1300million whereas Bangladesh has a population of 150 million. Therefore it

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Bethany Rossiter
would be assumed that China would have a higher demand for resources than
Bangladesh because China has the largest population and therefore would have a
greater rate of consumption, resulting in a greater demand. However, this is not
the case as Bangladesh has many areas that are in higher demand there than in
China, such as the average water usage per person which in China is 86 litres a day
whereas in Bangladesh it is only 46 litres per day.…read more

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Bethany Rossiter
have an impact as the meaning of the `demand' is not clear, as demand could refer
to the rate of consumption, so a higher consumption rate would lead to a higher
demand, although it could also refer to how badly people need a resource, as
places with lower amounts of available resources may have a higher demand as they
need this resource more as there is less of the resource to go around.…read more


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