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(1) Energy Security

1.1. Energy supply, demand and security
Energy supply ­ the availability of desired physical or chemical resource available for use domestically, industrially, etc.
e.g. to provide light or heat
Energy demand ­ the human demand for certain resources which may or may not be available
Energy Security…

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The physical geography of a location largely determines the direct access to energy resources. Where reserves of coal,
oil and gas are, is purely a matter of incidence: an accident of millions of years of geological processes from the remains
of fossilised living organisms.
For example, the UK had rich…

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1.1.3 Energy Use
The mix of energy resources that a country uses are picked due to a number of factors
Physical ­ availability, e.g. North Sea natural gas convenience contributed to a `dash for gas' in the early 1990s
Public perception ­ what people think is a huge factor in…

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Growth is expected to be 0.7% per year in the developed nations of the world, but in the emerging economies of the
BRICs and other such nations, growth is supposed to exceed 2.5%. Coal use increased by 17% per year from 2002-2005
in China as the country tried to meet…

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However, developments for a planned Nord Stream pipeline should increase the energy security of supply in northern
Europe, but the southern South Stream and Nabucco pipelines run through some politically troubled areas and the risk of
insecurity to these lines is relatively high.
The dominance of Russia in the 2006…

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2008 ­ 70,000 angry lorry drivers blockaded the Franco-Spanish boarded leading to panic buying in the shops
as supplies of food dwindled
2012 ­ in the UK petrol tanker drivers strike forced people to `panic-buy' petrol, and led to some garages
pricing up their fuel supplies for profit, the result:…

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Heavy oil sands (200+ oil; much is shipped environments which
billon barrels) as an oil and water could easily be
mix called ormulsion damaged by oil
Surface mining has
the potential to cause
Likely to be more
Sedimentary rock major environmental
Green River Basin, viable and acceptable
containing kerogen…

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BP (UK) 309 PDVSA (Venezuela) 91
Chevron Coorporation (USA) 205 Petrobras (Brazil) 138
ConocoPhillips (USA) 199 Gazprom (Russia) 99
Total (France) 231 Pertonas (Malaysia) 66

The companies in the table are involved in:
They are vertically integrated TNCs involved in the entire energy supply chain. Many…

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1.3.1 Demand for fossil fuels
It has been predicted that in the next few decades fossil fuels will remain the sole source of energy supply, and will
continue to supply most of the world's energy requirements. However, there are a number of uncertainties surrounding
fossil fuel demand:
Economic growth ­…

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Some argue that the huge oil prices of 2007-2008 were evidence of the peak but others countered the view that supply
was being limited by a lack of oil refinery capacity due to a lack of investment. There is less concern over peak gas, most
estimates suggest that this is…


Mr A Gibson


This is an interesting read. Some original resources here which will give you the information you need to hit the top level marks in all questions. I'd have these on my mobile device as a .pdf and read/annotate/test. Really essential for this topic.

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