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How are they chosen? What are their powers/responsibilities? Who are they answerable to?
The people elected the President every He enjoyed considerable powers such as: They were answerable to the
President seven years. German population as they were
The right to dissolve the Reichstag. the ones who elected the
The appointment of the Chancellor. (Although the President every seven years.
President was not obliged, he tended to choose the
Therefore they needed to remain
Chancellor as the leader of the largest party in the
popular throughout the public.
Reichstag. In order to form a workable coalition
government, it was necessary to negotiate with the
leaders of other political parties)
The Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.
The capacity to rule by decree at a time of
national emergency (Article 48) and to oversee the
But this created a very complicated relationship between
the powers of the President and the Reichstag/Chancellor.
The Chancellor is appointed by the The Chancellor was responsible for the Reichstag. He was The Chancellor was answerable to
Chancellor President but must also have the able to propose and make new laws as well as to form a the President as it was the
support of the Reichstag. coalition government. President who appointed the
They were chosen by being elected (by The Reichstag was the main representative assembly and The Constitution that they chose
National men and women over the age of 20) law-making body of the parliament. The Reichstag chose has to be signed by the President.
Assembly every four years by a system of what constitutions to adopt; they could vote on and They are also answerable to the
(Reichstag) proportional representation. accept laws. They also had more power than the Reichsrat people who elect them through
and could therefore overrule any of the laws, initiations and Proportional Representation
delays that the Reichsrat made. every 4 years.
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Aspects Strengths Weaknesses
Article 48 gave the President the It did not state what an "emergency" was and gives him the President an unlimited power without restraint
Article 48 power to rule by decree in the therefore creating a dictatorship. In the end it turned out to be the back door Hitler used to gain power
state of national emergency legally.
without the need to consult the
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Whilst the spirit of the Weimar Constitution was democratic and progressive, many of the institutions
remained dedicated to the values of Imperial Germany.…read more