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Origins of the
cold war
1945 - 1955…read more

Slide 2

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This presentation contains all the information you need to
know for the Origins of the Cold War Section for the
AQA History B exam on June 7th 2011, 9am
· For any words highlighted and underlined in orange, these
are hyperlinks to the glossary to give a further explanation
of these words.
· Good luck on the exam!
· Enny…read more

Slide 3

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Why the USA and USSR became · Nuclear Arms Race
rivals 1945-49.
· Yalta Conference, February 1945. · Nuclear Arms Race
· Potsdam Conference, July 1945. · Korean War
· Hiroshima, August 1945. · North Korean Advance
· Soviet Expansion 1945-49.
· The UN intervention
· Soviet Expansion 2
· Iron Curtain, 1945-46. · Final advances of the
· Truman Doctrine, Korean war
· Marshall Aid · The importance of the
· Cominform. Korean War
· Berlin Blockade. · The Thaw
· Berlin Airlift. · Warsaw Pact
· Importance of the Berlin blockade
and Airlift. · Glossary
· Formation of NATO
Contents Page…read more

Slide 4

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The USA and USSR were the strongest powers in the
world in 1945 after the war.
· They had different political systems, USA was
democratic while the USSR had a one party dictatorship.
· The USA was capitalist while the USSR were
· The USA believed in the importance of the freedom and
rights of each person while the USSR closely controlled
individual rights by the state.
Why the USA and USSR
became rivals 1945-49…read more

Slide 5

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It was held to decide what would happen to Germany after defeat.
· It was attended by Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill.
· They agreed that;
· Germany would be divided into four zones, to be occupied by France,
Britain, Germany, USA and the USSR.
· Berlin too would be divided into four zones.
· Nazi war criminals would be hunted down and tried for their crimes.
· Free elections to be held in the liberated countries in Eastern Europe.
· The USSR would enter the war against Japan with America.
· United Nations would be set up to replace the League of Nations.
· Germany should pay reparations but amount was yet to be decided
· They did disagree over the government and borders of Poland
once it had been freed from Nazi occupation.
Yalta conference, Feb 1945…read more

Slide 6

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This was held after Germany's defeat in May. But the war in Japan was still
· There had been changes such as Roosevelt had died and had been replaced by
Truman, who did not get on with Stalin as he hated communism, and wanted to
be tough on Stalin while Roosevelt had been prepared to negotiate.
· Churchill had been defeated in a general election and replaced with Attlee.
· Soviet troops that were supposed to be liberating the countries had started to
occupy most of Eastern Europe.
· Part of East Germany had been taken over by the new communist government in
Poland which had the support of Stalin. There had been no free elections and this
went against what had been decided at Yalta.
· The division of Germany and the treatment of war criminals was confirmed at
· The alliance between the USA and USSR was coming to an end.
· For reparations it was decided that each country would take its own reparations
from its own occupied zone, although the western powers allowed the USSR to
receive industrial equipment and goods from them.
Potsdam Conference, Jul 1945…read more

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