The Cold War

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ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR

  • The Cold War was a 'war' involving the USA and the USSR in which no direct fighting actually occured between the two countries, but tensions were very high. 
  • The USA and the USSR in 1945 were two very different countries with very different beliefs.
  • USA = CAPITALIST 
  • USSR = COMMUNIST

Why did the alliance break down between the USSR, USA and the UK?

  • Great Britain and USSR hated Germany.
  • Germany defeated - no common enemy to fear.
  • West intervened with Whites in Russian Civil War.
  • The West ignored requests by Stalin for a union in the 1930s - hoping a war would take place between communist Russia and fascist Germany.
  • Stalin felt the West delayed their role in the Eastern Front against Germany - leaving it up to Russia to do most of the fighting.

The Yalta Conference, February 1945

  • By Feb 1945, it was clear Germany was losing…

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