The July Days and Kornilov Coup

Notes on the key features of the July Days and Kornilov Coup. :)

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Event 1 ­ The July Days
WHY?
The war was not going well (the Austrian front was disintegrating and many
soldiers fled back to Russia.
The power of the Soviets was growing.
The Provisional Government were still unpopular.
WHAT?
For three days, there was chaos in Petrograd when the soldiers and Bolsheviks
tried to overthrow the government.
The Bolsheviks had their own `Red Guard' (workers with rifles) and by July had
almost 10,000 in Petrograd.
Riots
Kerensky, Minister of War was able to move loyal troops to suppress the
rebels.
400 killed and injured.
Kerensky said that the Bolsheviks were in pay of the Germans.
The Bolsheviks fled and went into hiding or were arrested.
EFFECTS?
New government was set up with Kerensky as prime minister.
The Bolsheviks were denounced as traitors and their newspaper Pravda was
closed down.
Lenin fled the country, Kamenev was arrested.
The Bolsheviks went to Finland and functioned from there.
Lenin altered views about peasants and their role in the revolution. He
encouraged them to seize land.
Slogan `Peace, land and bread' was used by the Bolsheviks.
The Bolsheviks realised if they controlled soviets across Russia then they would
be closer to ultimate power.
Event 2 ­ The Kornilov Coup
WHEN DID IT HAPPEN?
August 1917 ­ after the July Days
WHO WAS IN CHARGE?
Supreme Commander in Chief General Kornilov
WHAT DID HE TRY TO DO?
March on Petrograd to save the Provisional Government from the Bolsheviks.
Win support
Clearly explain his aims for the future.

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Clearly explain his aims in the manifesto he issued which:
Attacked the Bolsheviks in the Petrograd Soviet.
Asked for the war to be continued.
Called for a meeting of the Constituent Assembly.
WHAT WERE HIS MAIN AIMS FOR THE FUTURE?
To seize power in Petrograd.
To continue the war
To set up a military dictatorship
To restore order.
WHY DID KORNILOV ACT?
German forces began to threaten Petrograd.
The number of deserters and refugees heightened the crisis.
He believed `the great motherland was dying'.…read more

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Workers and soldiers start to think that Bolsheviks are only ones which can
defend their interests.…read more

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