The Government of the Third Reich

Hitlers rise to power

Propaganda and Goebbels

Hitlers use of terror and indoctrinaton

Opposition to the Nazis

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  • Created on: 31-01-12 20:35
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Government of the Third Reich
Creation of the Nazi State:
March 1932 ­. Hitler ran for president but lost to Hindenburg
May 1932 ­Papen was a friend of Hindenburg had little support of Reichstag and dependant on
government by decree.
July 1932 ­Hitler demanded post of chancellor as the Nazi's were the largest party
December 1932 Hindenburg appointed Von Schleicher
January 1933 ­ Von Papen behind the scenes began to negotiate with Hitler to make him
Chancellor and himself Vice Chancellor
January 28th 1933 ­ Von Schleicher resigns
January 30th 1933 ­ Hitler becomes chancellor
Role of Von Papen and Hindenburg:
· Support for democracy steadily declined until by 1932 most Germans were voting either
Nazi or Communist, i.e. against the Weimar Republic. By 1933 it was clear that stable
government would be impossible without either the Nazis or the Communists being involved
to Hindenburg and other conservatives, there was no alternative to Hitler becoming
Chancellor.
Consolidation of the Nazi State 193334
January 1933
· 30th Jan Hitler appointed Chancellor.
February 1933
· 27th Feb ­ Reichstag Fire.
Blamed on communists.
· 28th Feb ­ Emergency Decree.
Suspended constitutional civil rights and gave power to the secret police. Used to
repress the KPD.
March 1933
· 5th Mar ­ elections.
Highest turnout ever ­ 88%. Nazis only got 44% of the vote.

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Mar ­ New Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda.
Goebbels appointed head, controlled all media.
· 24th Mar ­ Enabling Act.
Gave emergency powers to the government for 4 years. Hitler could pass decrees
without presidential approval. Was passed by 441 votes to 94, and was renewed in
1938
April 1933
· 1st Apr ­ One day boycott of Jewish business.
· 7th Apr ­ Law For Restoration Of Professional Civil Service.…read more

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August 1934
· 1st August ­ Law concerning the Head of State of the German Reich
Merged the offices of the president and the chancellor, creating position of `fuhrer'.
· 2nd Aug ­ Hindenburg dies, Hitler becomes head of state.
Army swore a personal oath of allegiance to Hitler.
Nazi Methods of Control:
Churches:
Early stages of the Nazi regime there were some cooperation
Hitler signed the concordat with the Catholic Church.…read more

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Purpose to find and kill or torture any opposition
The Police and Courts:
Helped to secure Nazi dictatorship
Leader ­ also Himmler
Purpose ­ to make sure that any crimes committed by Nazi's were undiscovered.…read more

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Opposition and Resistance to the Nazi Government
Pastor Martin Niemoller
Set up the confessional church
Put into a concentration camp as punishment
White Rose Group
They were a group of students who gave out leaflets that promoted antiNazi leaflets.…read more

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