Superpowers - Complete notes (Edexcel A2)

Notes for unit 3 of Edexcel Geogrpahy A level. Contain complete notes, with arguments, case studies and defintions. 

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Superpower Geographies
Superpowers
Definition
-- "Superpowers are nations, or groupings of nations that have a
disproportionate degree of power compared with other nations." -- "A superpower
must be able to conduct a global strategy ... to command
vast economic potential and influence and present a universal ideology." (Prof
Paul Dukes,…

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o Larger workforce.
Can increase through immigration
· E.g. UK
Singapore has low population and high economic power. o Larger
Market
Specialisation, and economies of scale. -- Resources

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o Decrease dependence on others.
Increase economic development.
Development stunted if resources owned by TNCs. o E.g. land, fossil
fuels, mineral wealth and people. -- Prestige actions
o Going to space o Hosting sporting events
Sustaining power
-- Using different mechanism, appropriate to the situation.
o Hard power ­ Tangible…

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o E.g. Modern World (contentious)
Timeline of Super powers
-- 1800--1918 ­ British Empire -- 1918-- 1945 ­ Transition period -- 1945-- 1990
­ USA and USSR -- 1990--2010 -- USA -- 2010... -- EU, China, USA

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Development Theories
Liberal Development theories
-- Modernisation Theory (W.W. Rostrow 1960) (Take--off model)
o Outline
Economic development is linear, five--stages process.
Countries take--off and develop when pre--conditions are met, such as
transport and infrastructure.
Industrialisation follows: creating jobs trade and consumers.
Rostrow reckoned democracy, free trade and capitalism were required.…

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Asian Model (The world bank 1993)
o Outline
Countries like China, South Korea and Taiwan have developed rapidly since
1970.
Believed because they have opened up to free trade and foreign investment.
Aimed for export--driven development.
· Rather than raised tariffs, and tried to get own industry to strengthen by…

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Comments

Julia Felicita

Report

An excellent resource!Thank you ^^

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Superpower Geographies
Superpowers
Definition
-- "Superpowers are nations, or groupings of nations that have a
disproportionate degree of power compared with other nations." -- "A superpower
must be able to conduct a global strategy ... to command
vast economic potential and influence and present a universal ideology." (Prof
Paul Dukes,…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
o Larger workforce.
Can increase through immigration
· E.g. UK
Singapore has low population and high economic power. o Larger
Market
Specialisation, and economies of scale. -- Resources

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Page 5

Preview of page 5
o Decrease dependence on others.
Increase economic development.
Development stunted if resources owned by TNCs. o E.g. land, fossil
fuels, mineral wealth and people. -- Prestige actions
o Going to space o Hosting sporting events
Sustaining power
-- Using different mechanism, appropriate to the situation.
o Hard power ­ Tangible…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
o E.g. Modern World (contentious)
Timeline of Super powers
-- 1800--1918 ­ British Empire -- 1918-- 1945 ­ Transition period -- 1945-- 1990
­ USA and USSR -- 1990--2010 -- USA -- 2010... -- EU, China, USA

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Page 8

Preview of page 8
Development Theories
Liberal Development theories
-- Modernisation Theory (W.W. Rostrow 1960) (Take--off model)
o Outline
Economic development is linear, five--stages process.
Countries take--off and develop when pre--conditions are met, such as
transport and infrastructure.
Industrialisation follows: creating jobs trade and consumers.
Rostrow reckoned democracy, free trade and capitalism were required.…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Asian Model (The world bank 1993)
o Outline
Countries like China, South Korea and Taiwan have developed rapidly since
1970.
Believed because they have opened up to free trade and foreign investment.
Aimed for export--driven development.
· Rather than raised tariffs, and tried to get own industry to strengthen by…

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Comments

Julia Felicita

Report

An excellent resource!Thank you ^^