SUPERPOWER RIVALRY QUICKFIRE

Quiz/quick fire questions on whole of the Superpower Rivalry unit for GCSE History Edexcel, Unit - Superpower Rivalry.

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  • Created on: 24-10-07 13:03
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~~ HISTORY ~~
Super
power
r
ival
ry
qui
ckfi
re
ORIGINS
O F
THE
C OLD WAR
post
WW2
1. What did the two opposing ideologies stand for?
Capitalism "rugged individualism", self help, Communism "from each
according to his means to each according to his needs"
2. Where did the USA and USSR meet in the year 1945?
Yalta Conferences (February) and Potsdam (July)
3. What was agreed at Yalta?
Liberate Europe with free elections; divide Germany into four zones, UN
4. Why was the discussion of Poland significant?
It would set a pattern for the rest of Eastern Europe
5. What caused great USA bitterness after Yalta?
Warsaw Uprising; 1944-5; SU did nothing to help people in Poland being
seized by London Poles as he wanted Lublin Poles to come to power.
6. How many Polish were killed in the Warsaw Uprising?
300,000
7. Which area did the Soviet Union want to have more involvement in at
Potsdam?
The Ruhr, a rich, industrial area in Western Germany
8. What three things did the USA, USSR and UK agree at Potsdam?
Govern Germany jointly, wiping out Nazi influence, reparations
9. Name at least 3 countries that the SU imposed communism on 1945-8
Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Czechoslovakia
10. What year was Churchill's Iron curtain speech?
1946
C O N T A I
N ME N T 19 4 5 9
11. What was the US policy of `containment'?
Use wealth and power to stop or `contain' the spread of communism
12. What was the Kennan telegram, 1946?
The report delivered to American Embassy claiming SU motives were to
expand communism
13. Why was there the West European crisis of 1947?
Shortages of FOOD FUEL JOBS (FFJ) Poor harvests, high unemployment
14. Who claimed that "communism would be less attractive if people had good
jobs and were paid well" and what was his plan?
General George Marshall, the Marshall Plan, Economic aid sent to prevent
discontent in Western Europe which could lead to communist power
15. What was the Truman Doctrine?
US promise of help to any country that was threatened
16. Where was USA help offered to fight a civil war in 1949?
Greece and Turkey
17. When was West Germany set up and why?
1949, US wanted pro-Western zones after Soviet take-over of E. Europe
18. What was West Germany established as?
Federal Republic of Germany
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HISTORY ~~
Super
power
r
ival
ry
qui
ckfi
re
19. What had West Germany generally always been?
"Industrial heartland of continental Europe"
20. What was NATO, set up in 1949?
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, a peacetime military alliance of
non-communist countries, agreeing to defend each other in case of SU attack
S O V I
E T R E A C T I
O N TO
C O N TA IN MEN T
21.…read more

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HISTORY ~~
Super
power
r
ival
ry
qui
ckfi
re
UN and USA did nothing to help Hungarians despite appeal (containment)
Berlin ~ Berlin Wall 1961
37. How many people fled from East to West Germany 1949-60?
3 million
38. Why they so valuable to the SU?
Often young, talented and well-educated
39. What did Khrushchev demand of Kennedy in June 1961?
Berlin neutrality
40.…read more

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HISTORY ~~
Super
power
r
ival
ry
qui
ckfi
re
2nd Cold war ~ 1979 ­ Gorbachev
54. When were US troops in Vietnam?
1965-1973
55. What year did the SU invade Afghanistan and why?
1979, to support the communist government
56. Which Olympics did USA boycott and why?
Moscow 1980 Olympics b/c of Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
57. Which Olympics did the SU boycott as retaliation?
LA Olympics 1984
58.…read more

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HISTORY ~~
Super
power
r
ival
ry
qui
ckfi
re
70. What meeting took place in December 1987 and why was it such a
breakthrough?
INF, Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, because they agreed to be able to
inspect each others weapons and eliminated certain nuclear missiles
71. What did Gorbachev announce at UN in 1988?
Huge cuts in armed forces
72.…read more

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