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Slide 1

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Structure of the mind and
drives of ego defences
Structure of the
mind and drive and
ego defences…read more

Slide 2

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Structure of the mind
· Sigmund Freud's Theory is quite complex and
although his writings on psychosexual
development set the groundwork for how our
personalities developed, it was only one of five
parts to his overall theory of personality. He also
believed that different driving forces develop
during these stages which play an important role
in how we interact with the world.…read more

Slide 3

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· we are born with our Id. The id is an important part of
our personality because as newborns, it allows us to get
our basic needs met. Freud believed that the id is based
on our pleasure principle. In other words, the id wants
whatever feels good at the time, with no consideration for
the reality of the situation.
· The id doesn't care about reality, about the needs of
anyone else, only its own satisfaction.…read more

Slide 4

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· The ego is based on the reality principle. The ego
understands that other people have needs and desires
and that sometimes being impulsive or selfish can hurt
us in the long run.
· Its the ego's job to meet the needs of the id, while taking
into consideration the reality of the situation.…read more

Slide 5

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Super ego
· The Superego is the moral part of us and
develops due to the moral and ethical
restraints placed on us by our caregivers.…read more

Slide 6

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Ego defence mechanisms
· We stated earlier that the ego's job was to satisfy the id's impulses,
not offend the moralistic character of the superego, while still taking
into consideration the reality of the situation. We don't want either
one to get too strong so we talk to both of them. The ego is there to
make decisions and look for a balance.
· The id, ego, and superego are driven by sex and aggression
according to Freud. This drives everything that a person does.
· Sex, (Eros or the Life force) represents drive to live, prosper, and
produce offspring. Aggression, (Thanatos or our Death force)
represents need to stay alive and stave off threats to our existence,
power, and prosperity.
· The ego has a difficult time satisfying both the id and the superego,
but it doesn't do this without help. The ego has some tools to use in
its job as the mediator, tools that help defend the ego. These are
called Ego Defence Mechanisms. When the ego has a difficult time
making both the id and the superego happy, it will employ one or
more defence mechanisms.…read more

Slide 7

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