Origins of Psycholgy - Wilhelm Wundt and Introspection

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Wundt

  • Approach to psychology = study the structure of the human mind by breaking down behaviours into their basic elements = structuralism
  • Used introspection to investigate the human mind – asked Ps to reflect on their own cognitive processes and describe them
  • Established psychology as a science using the scientific method, which was based on 2 key ideas:
  • All behaviour is caused
  • If all behaviour is caused then it should be possible to predict behaviour in different conditions
  • Based on empirical evidence
  • The scientific method:
    • Replicable

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