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Stress: Life Changes
By Millie Duffield…read more

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Life Changes
Life changes, also known as critical life
changes, are events such as marriage or a
loved ones death
They are major differences in the way we
live our life
These changes are one type of chronic
stressor, the other being daily hassles (I will
make a separate PowerPoint on this!)…read more

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Holmes and Rahe (1967)
Holmes and Rahe- medical doctors who
helped develop the idea that life changes are
linked to stress and illness
Through the process of their normal work the
doctors noticed that major life events which
caused change in patients' lives, positive or
negative, seemed to precede physical illness
Change is stressful which Holmes and Rahe…read more

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Measuring Life Changes
Holmes and Rahe developed a way of
measuring life changes: the Social
Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS)
This scale is based on 43 life events taken
from the analysis of about 5000 patient
400 participants were used to rate how
stressful each event is- they gave a
numerical score (up to 100) according to
how much readjustment would be needed
by the average person, with marriage at 50
The higher the rating the more stressful
the event
The participants scores were averaged to…read more

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Rahe et al (1970)
They used the SRRS to test Holmes and Rahe's
hypothesis that the number of life changes
experienced by a person would be positively
correlated with illness
2700 men from the US Navy were given a
military version of the SRRS. They took note
of all of the life events they had experienced
over the previous 6 months
An illness score was calculated for each
participant based on the frequency and…read more

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