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Page 1

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Dull and had no sense of humor -
nicknamed 'The Grey Blur'
Against Stalin?
Other leaders didn't take him seriously
because he seemed happy working in the

Bolshevik party thought he was arrogant.
He believed in 'permanent revolution' that to
Against Trotsky becoming the leader of the secure the…

Page 2

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He appeared everywhere: every Russian
town had 'Stalin square' or avenue and a
How did Stalin make himself present in large statue of him. They were deluged
everyday life? with Portraits and photos.

Regular processions through streets
praising him.

Through propaganda, the media,
How did the cult of personality work?…

Page 3

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1st - 1500 new industrial plants, 100 new towns

Results of the 3 Five-Year Plans? 2nd - Chemical industry and matalurgy grew rapidly,
travel and communications improved, industry
massively improved (targets not reached)

3rd -Victory in WW2 due to production of weapons

1. Stalin made great efforts to associate himself…

Page 4

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He wanted more workers in industries,
To increase food supply: towns and cities. Wanted to sell grain to
buy industrial equipment.
So fewer peasants had to produce more
food. Farming had to be reorganised!

To increase his military strength: WW1 had show to fight a modern war you
need an…

Page 5

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What did the Russian Empire turn into? The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
(USSR) in 1923 under Lenin

What else was controlled? Music and other arts were carefully
monitored by the NKVD and had to praise
Stalin either direct or indirectly.

Example of a miner Stakhanov who 'mined
100 tonnes…

Page 6

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What was GOSPLAN? The state planning organisation that Lenin
set up in 1921

What was the cult of personality? Hero worship to Stalin, 'blind obedience'

1936 - Stalin created it, gave people
freedom of speech and free elections
What was the new constitution?
Only communist candidates could stand in

Page 7

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What were Gulags? Slave labour camps

- Climate of fear
What were the effects of the purges? - Army lost all experienced officers (no
chance against advancing German army in
- arts stifled

They were plans drawn up by GOSPLAN
which set ambitious targets for production
What were the…

Page 8

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When did Stalin make himself completely 1929
secure as the supreme leader of the USSR?

1934 - when Kirov the leader of Petrograd
When did the purges begin?
communist party was murdered
(Bodyguard found dead before he could
give evidence at trial)

When was the second Five-Year Plan? Between 1933…

Page 9

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Kamenev and Zinoviev - played important roles in the Bolshevik
revolution 1917 (more left)
Who were candidates to take Lenin's
Bukharin, Rykov and Tomsky - wanted to introduce communism
place? slowly and carry on with NEP until the USSR was stronger (more

Leading figure and bitter rivals - Joseph…

Page 10

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Some workers tried to move to other jobs
Why did the secret police introduce
to escape the hard work and discipline -
internal passports?
internal passports prevented this free
movement of workers within the USSR

- It wasn't truly communist
- Parts were capitalist - eg peasants could
Why end…


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