South-North transfer project - Water conflicts

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  • Created on: 11-01-13 07:46
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China's SouthNorth Transfer Project:
Facts:
· Involves building 3 river canals
· 1,300km which run across the eastern, middle
and western parts of china
· Rivers involved ­ the Yangtze, the Yellow, the
Huai, and the Han
· Will transfer 44.8 billion m3 of water per year
· Central government will provide 60% of funding
the rest comes from local authorities
· Water conservation, improved irrigation, pollution
treatment and environmental protection are all
included in the cost
· Aim is to transfer water from the water surplus
south to the water deficit north
· China has about 7% of the world's water
resources and roughly 20% of its population.
· About 4/5 of the country's water supply is in the
south
Impacts:
· Resettlement needed Nearly 400,000 people will be displaced from their ancestral lands
· New & Used Heavy Equipment
· Worsening water quality
· Ecological and environmental issues along the waterways
· Pollution levels in the Yangtze is already alarming
· Untreated and waste water which has been mixed with agriculture runoff containing pesticides and
fertilizers has been running into the rivers
· The Huai river already severely polluted
· The yellow river is undrinkable
· Predicted an ecological disaster
· Changes in water balances: reduced water in Yangtze means less dilution and more pollution
· Industrial growth along route ways will exacerbate existing pollution problems
· 50 years to complete and costs $62billion
· Project's huge cost would make the water prohibitively expensive for consumers
· Create a large number of migrant people
· Dry season could cause the Yangtze River to suffer from water shortages
Conflicts:
· Some villagers being relocated for the Central route claim they were forced to sign relocation agreements
· Waste of resources ­ money could be spent on other industries or processes of improving water supply
· It could waste massive amounts of water through evaporation and pollution ­ cause further water shortages
· Would be detrimental to the Yangtze River's transportation companies would struggle to transport goods so
they would have higher costs
· Environmentalists suggest high amounts of pollution caused around 260 projects have been instigated to
reduce pollution and help ensure that water in the areas of the diversion project will meet minimum drinking standards.
· People in the south have reduced water supplies
· Large dams have to be built which means large areas of land are destroyed
· Central route includes the construction of two tunnels of 8.5m internal diameter some 7km long ­ cause
disruption and pollution to the local environment
· Eastern route includes involves the construction of 23 pumping stations and nearly 9km of tunnels
· All of the canals will need to be maintained when completed meaning more funding will be needed
· Already parts delayed The central route project was scheduled for completion by 2010 but has been postponed
to 2014 due to environmental concerns and work on the eastern route was delayed due to farm and industrial pollution
that endangers the quality of water. It is expected to be completed by 2013

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