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Page 1

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Sociology Unit 1: Families and Households

Topic 1: Couples
The main sociologists you need to know for this topic are:
Parsons: (Division of labour)
Bott: (Conjugal roles)
Young and Wilmott: (Bethnal Green study)
Oakley: (Feminist)
Gershuny: (Greater equality)
Dunne: (Lesbian couples and gender scripts)
Pahl and Vogler: (Family income control)…

Page 2

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Sociology Unit 1: Families and Households

Changes in women's Women go out to work.
position. They are now more equal to men.
Legal differences, cultural differences and political
changes have contributed to these changes.
Geographical Mobility Moving around the country or from country…

Page 3

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Sociology Unit 1: Families and Households

The Dual Burden
The increase in the number of women working has simply given women the dual burden
of paid work and unpaid housework.

Women also take care of the emotional side of the family, such as children going
through puberty etc.

This means…

Page 4

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Sociology Unit 1: Families and Households

Many important decisions were made by the husband, or jointly with the husband getting
the final say. Important decisions were made jointly and less important decisions were
made by the wife.

Couples and decision making
The "New Man" is a man that helps out…

Page 5

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Sociology Unit 1: Families and Households

Problems with studying domestic violence
The difficulty of obtaining valid information on the subject.
Official police statistics rely on reports they receive from individuals
Methods of obtaining information may be invalid, as people might lie, refuse to
answer the question, exaggerate or forget information.…

Page 6

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Sociology Unit 1: Families and Households

Childhood in the west
Western society has the following features:

Childhood is seen as a special, innocent time of life.
Children are seen as different from adults, they are physically immature and not
competent to run their own lives.
They need a lengthy protected…

Page 7

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Sociology Unit 1: Families and Households

Children are better cared for in terms of their educational, psychological and
medical needs.
Most babies now survive: the infant mortality rate in 1900 was 154 now it is 5.
Higher living standards and smaller family sizes mean parents can afford to
provide for…

Page 8

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Sociology Unit 1: Families and Households

Change or continuity?
Some aspects of childhood suggest it may be disappearing or changing, others that it
is continuing. Much depends on what happens to:

The emphasis on children's rights.
The length of time spent in education.
Children's access to means of communication.

Page 9

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Sociology Unit 1: Families and Households

He argues that the functions of the family vary depending on the society. He identifies 2
family structures:

Extended: 3 generations in one area/house (grandparents, parents, children) horizontal
or vertical (parents, children, cousins, aunts and uncles)

Nuclear: 2 generations (2…

Page 10

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Sociology Unit 1: Families and Households

extended family.
This puts too much pressure on parents who take out their frustration on one another.

Family life can cause anxiety, depression and schizophrenia.
Parents invest too much in their children and expect too much of them.
Children therefore feel suffocated and…


Ibrahim - Team GR


ThankYou! Very Pinky but great text and content is superb and well detailed and thoroughly explained! Well Done!!



Awesome, thank you :)



Thank you so muchh :)

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