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Social-Psychological Explanations of the Attraction
of `Celebrity'

AO1 - Parasocial Relationships
A parasocial relationship is one in which an individual is
attracted to another individual (usually a celebrity), but the
target individual is unaware of the person who has created the
relationship ­ Horton and Wohl (1956)
These relationships might…

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This can lead to issues with the internal validity of the study. Also,
meta-analyses often suffer from the "file-drawer problem", which is
where researchers only include pieces of research that will support
their hypothesis and ignore any research that yields negative
results or contradicts their hypothesis.
The effect of this…

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McCutcheon et al created this model in 2002.
It proposes that most people never go beyond admiring
celebrities for their entertainment or social value.
However, the motivational forces that drive this absorption
may eventually become addictive, leading the person to more
extreme (and sometimes delusional) behaviours in order to

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AO2 ­ Absorption-Addiction Model

Name: It has been suggested that there is a link between
mental health and the 3 levels of the Absorption-Addiction
Explain: For example, Maltby et al (2003) used the Eysenck
Personality Questionnaire to assess the relationship between
levels of celebrity worship and personality. It was…


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