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Social Inequality and Difference Emma Rudd




1C Class and Workplace

As the economic structure of Britain has changed, so has its occupational pattern's. Since the
early 1980's there has been a substantial change in the composition of the workforce: more
women, a better qualified workforce, a growing service sector, and…

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Social Inequality and Difference Emma Rudd




sector, more nonmanual jobs and fewer manual jobs, more private sector and less public sector
employment, more part time work' (Bryson and Gomez, 2002). These changes affect class,
gender and ethnic inequalities.

Class Formation and Identity
Cromptom (2000) notes the occupational structure is not…

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Social Inequality and Difference Emma Rudd

































Unlike the previous scheme it no longer assumes there is a hierarchy of jobs where some are
clearly higher or lower than others. Also the manual / non manual divide is given less emphasis
than in the past. While classes 1 and 2 can…

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Social Inequality and Difference Emma Rudd




Class Maps
The class map of Britain has altered over the years under the impact of deep social and
economic changes. There are still some familiarities such as the huge contrast between those at
the top and those at the bottom. But there have…

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Social Inequality and Difference Emma Rudd




accepted and sponsored by powerful people who share the same values. According to Scott
(1991) the upperclass consists of a series of intersecting status circles. What they have in
common I a remarkable level of self confidence and a well developed sense of their…

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Social Inequality and Difference Emma Rudd





Scott (1986) points out that not all capitalists are politically active, and not all leading holders of
political power are drawn from a business background. He thinks it might be more accurate to
think in terms of power bloc: an informal coalition of social…

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Social Inequality and Difference Emma Rudd




but he believes cultural capital is becoming ever more important to the middle class. Traditional
class markers such as the divide between manual and non manual workers have become
weaker and so the middle classes are developing new forms of cultural capital in order…

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Social Inequality and Difference Emma Rudd




leading markedly workcentred lifestyles. They are supreme champions of individualism (people
should stand on their own feet rather than rely on the state) and hard work and discipline.

Middle Class Insecurity
Roberts (2001) describes the growing sense of insecurity and anxiety among the middle…

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Social Inequality and Difference Emma Rudd




Deskilling is most common in mass production industries but only a majority of workers
are employed in these industries. PostFordists argue that nowadays more people are
engaged in `people work' and in jobs which require flexibility and a widening of skills.
Braverman neglects the…

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Social Inequality and Difference Emma Rudd




Respectability
There was an important divide within the working class between `roughs' and
`respectable'. The traditional working class held respectable values (e.g. honesty and
work ethic) and they tried to maintain decent moral standards.
Community
The traditional working class lived in close knit communities…

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