Marxist's view on education

  • Created by: E456
  • Created on: 05-12-17 10:57
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  • Marxist's view on education
    • conflict theory
      • society is based upon conflict between the proletariat (working-class) and the bourgeoisie (upper-class)
    • Althusser
      • education reproduces class inequality by transmitting it from generation to generation, by failing each successive generation of working-class pupils in turn
      • justifies class inequality by producing ideologies that disguise its true cause; the function of ideology is to persuade workers to accept that inequality is inevitable and that they deserve their subordinate position in society
      • repressive state apparatus (RSAs)
        • maintain the rule of the bourgeoisie by force or threat of it (e.g. police, army)
      • ideological state apparatus (ISAs)
        • maintain the rule of the bourgeoisie by controlling people's ideas, values and beliefs (e.g. religion, mass media)
    • Bowles and Gintis
      • hidden curriculum
        • what we learn from ways in which schooling is organised and carried out, rather than through the formal curriculum
      • correspondence principle
        • the way that the organisation and control of schools mirrors the workplace in capitalist society
      • myth of meritocracy
        • meritocracy is an ideology legitimating inequality by falsely claiming that everyone has equal opportunity and that unequal rewards are the 'natural' result of unequal ability
    • Willis
      • counter-school culture
        • the lads flout the school's rules and values as a way of resisting the school and its ideology that working-class pupils can achieve middle-class jobs through hard work
      • learning to labour
        • the working-class lads are happy to go work at a factory and experience it as their own free choice, while this 'choice' works to preserve their social condition and class oppression
    • Criticisms
      • Postmodernists: education now reproduces diversity not inequality
      • Marxists focus too much on class inequality and not other inequalities
      • pupils have minds of their own - might not accept these inequalities


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