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Social effects of World War Two Social mobility
Social Taken out of local communities due to industry conscription and around the
Military conscription September 1940 men aged 18-41
Older men conscripted into `national service'.
Increase standard of living due to rationing+ control of prices.
M+U class high taxation, death duties limits on profits from factories+ land
Women Unmarried women 19-30 conscripted choice between Women's Auxiliary forces
or war work in industry.
1944 ½ million women in services.
Marriage- Americans, polish etc= widen social horizons= better life.
Wives and families of serving men lost out.
Female's wages doubled.
Role- cope with houses destroyed, keep families together split by conscription,
evacuation+ long working hours.
Women Voluntary service
Supervised evacuation for children, cared for those bombed in air-raids, ran
campaign recycle+ avoid waste.
Social revolution 1940 directed into shipyards, munitions engineering where
Late 1943 over ½ factory workers were women.
Married women working a taboo before war.
1943 80% married women working as well as looking after house+ children =.
More money, greater status and independence.
Didn't bring equal pay> rarely more than 60-70% of man's wage.
Posters warning people "careless people cost live" portrayed women as gossip
patronising in tone.
After 1945 >% married women working remained higher than before war.
Compelled to give up job after men returned.
500 000 served in armed forces, 350 000 land girls.
Armed usually secretary jobs some code breakers, nurses.
Sexual revolution- Moral constraints loosened, many Y W away from homes
close proximity to y males in uniform.
Sexual relationships flourished, housewives found themselves alone= broken
Men Mid 1941 3million young men in forces. 1944 4.5 million.
Mass migration civilians and soldiers.
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Work Jobs loud + dirty
Resentment of `Spivs' exploited opportunities offered by black market+ petty
11/12 working days+ night working
Little time for social life.
Tiredness=increase in industrial accidents 1000pa fatal.
Strikes (although tough restraints).
Status of Trade unions rose membership 6.3million to 8.9m.
Average earning increased for wc.
Average male weekly earnings increase of 80% 38-45.
House building halted.
Pre war evils Some banished
Some nutrition standards in WC families increased.
Unemployment 1939 1 million, disappeared in 1943.…read more
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Social+ views Accepted war time planning+ restrictions as necessary+ fair.
Shared sacrifices+ national togetherness.
Still social division.
Shift in public attitudes, demanded greater fairness in society.
Propaganda B untied, patriotic and free of class war.
Newsreels of casualties+ damage never shown.
Influence of culture+ mass entertainment.
1945 10 million private radios sets.
BBC> news, serious discussion, comedy shows, music + light entertainment.
Dance music - cinema 30 million attendances PWeek.
Other and Petty crimes.
labour party.…read more